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Transcript
DNA, RNA, & PROTEINS REVIEW
(We did this one in class)
1. Making a copy of DNA is called
_________________________.
2. Which nitrogen base isn’t used during this process?
3. Name the enzyme you learned about that adds the
complementary nucleotides and spell checks to make sure
the new copy is correct.
http://bio.usuhs.mil/biochem4.html
6. This process of making copying
an RNA message from the DNA
code is called
____________________.
7. Tell where in the cell this
happens.
Image from: http://www.wappingersschools.org/RCK/staff/teacherhp/johnson/visualvocab/mRNA.gif
8. USE THE mRNA CODE WHEEL
to tell the amino acid sequence
coded for by the following
message:
U C A A A A U U C
Image from:
Biology; Miller and Levine; Pearson Education publishing
as Prentice Hall; 2006
9. Which kind of RNA has an ANTICODON region and carries the amino acids
to the ribosome?
10. B = ?
11. F = ?
12. C = ?
Image from: Biology; Miller and Levine; Pearson Education publishing as Prentice Hall; 2006
13. Tell one way DNA is different from RNA.
17. When making DNA, CYTOSINE always pairs with
_______________________.
18. Using an RNA message to make a protein is called
_______________________.
19. Name this subunit used to
build DNA and RNA.
Image by Riedell
20. Name the spot where RNA polymerase attaches to the DNA during
TRANSCRIPTION.
21. Give the complementary DNA strand.
A T T G C C A G C
22. NAME THIS KIND OF RNA.
23. Name the molecule attached at the
arrow.
Image modified from: Biology; Miller and Levine; Pearson Education
publishing as Prentice Hall; 2006
25. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS could also be called ___________________.
26. Nitrogen bases made up of TWO RINGS are called
________________
30. Name this kind of mutation.
Image from: http://www.biologyonline.org/2/8_mutations.htm
31. TRUE OR FALSE:
ALL MUTATIONS ARE HARMFUL.
32. Name this subunit used to build PROTEINS.
Image by Riedell
33.
E = ?
Image from:
Biology; Miller and Levine; Pearson Education publishing as Prentice Hall; 2006
34. Name the nucleic acid that is double stranded and contains deoxyribose
sugar.
35. Name the woman whose X-ray images of DNA helped James Watson and
Francis Crick to figure out the structure of DNA.
http://www.time.com/time/time100/scientist/profile/watsoncrick.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalind_Franklin
36. Name the enzyme involved with TRANSCRIPTION.
CHECK ANSWERS
ANSWERS
1.replication
2. uracil
3. DNA polymerase
6. transcription
7. in nucleus
8. serine-lysine-leucine
9. tRNA
10. mRNA
11. codon
12. ribosome
13.
DNA
Double stranded
contains deoxyribose sugar
A,T,G,C
No uracil
Carries genetic information
Stays in nucleus
RNA
Single stranded
contains ribose sugar
A,U,G,C
No thymine
Carries info from DNA to cytoplasm;
helps with protein synthesis
Made in nucleus; works in cytoplasm
17. guanine
18. transcription
19. nucleotide
20. promoter
21. T A A C G G T C G
22. tRNA
23. amino acid
24. D- DNA carries the genetic code
25. translation
30. inversion
31. False; mutations that increase survival and reproduction can be helpful
32. Amino acid
33. anti-codon
34. DNA
35. Rosalind Franklin
36. RNA polymerase