Download homework_files\2016 Semester 1 Exam Review

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Neuropsychopharmacology wikipedia, lookup

Environmental enrichment wikipedia, lookup

Causes of transsexuality wikipedia, lookup

Neuroeconomics wikipedia, lookup

Cognitive neuroscience wikipedia, lookup

Neuropsychology wikipedia, lookup

Neuroesthetics wikipedia, lookup

Operant conditioning wikipedia, lookup

Psychological behaviorism wikipedia, lookup

Experimental psychology wikipedia, lookup

Cyberpsychology wikipedia, lookup

Mrs. Poochigian’s Fall Semester 2016 Study Guide
 Psychology Semester 1 Study Guide for Semester 1 Exam
 Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6
 100 Multiple Choice and 2 FRQ
 Multiple Choice Questions to come from past quizzes
 Binder paper will be needed for the essay portion.
Chapter 1 History and Approaches
 Psychology Perspectives and major beliefs associated with each: Behaviorism, Cognitive,
Social-Cultural, Biological, Humanistic, Psychoanalytic
 Perspectives Main Contributors/Contributions: James, Wundt, Tichener, Watson,
Pavlov, Skinner, Maslow
Chapter 2 Research Methods
 Types of research methods: naturalistic, case study, survey, correlational, experiment
 Downfalls and Benefits of each type of method
 Components of an experiment: independent, dependent, confounding variables
 Measures of Central tendency: Mean, median, mode
 Measures of variation: standard deviation
 Validity vs. Reliability
 Bell Curve: positive vs. negatively skewed
 Random Assignment
 Statistical Significance
 Placebo: Why do we use it? What are the benefits?
 Understand ethical principles of the APA when using research and experiments.
Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior
 Action potential and neural transmission
 Absolute refractory period
 Neuron: purpose and function of; dendrite, axon, myelin sheath, terminal buttons,
synaptic gap
 Purpose of mirror neurons
 Limbic System: Hippocampus, Amygdala, Hypothalamus
 Neurotransmitters and Functions: Serotonin, Dopamine, Acetylcholine, Excitatory and
 Divisions of the peripheral nervous system: Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
 Endocrine System and Glands: Pancreas, Thyroid, Adrenal, Pituitary
o Hormones associated with endocrine system
 Tools to Discover the Brain: EEG, MRI, PET, CAT
 Hemispheric Specialization: right brain vs. left brain functions
 Agonist vs Antagonist
 Parts of the brain and function: medulla, cerebellum, brain stem, etc.
 Lobes and cortex’ of the brain: parietal, temporal, occipital, frontal, motor cortex, visual
Feature Detectors
Brain Plasiticity
Broca’s Area vs. Wernicke’s Area
Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
 Absolute threshold
 Definition of sensory adaptation
 Visual acuity, ie. Fovea
 Anatomical structure of the eye: Parts and Functions
 Visual receptors: rods, cones, bipolar, and ganglion cells
 Anatomical structure of the ear and functions
 Theories of color: Opponent Process vs. Trichromatic
 Gate Control Theory of Pain
 Binocular and monocular depth cues
 Gestalt Principles of Organization: figure-ground, closure, proximity, similarity,
continuity, connectedness
 Perceptual Constancy: size, shape, color
Chapter 5: States of Consciousness
 Sleep disorders and treatments: narcolepsy, sleep apnea, insomnia
 Biological clock: circadian rhythm
 Psychoactive Drugs Categories and affects: depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens
 Psychoactive Drugs: drugs that fall into each category
 Stages of sleep
 Tolerance
 Withdrawal
Chapter 6: Learning
 Classical Conditioning components: US, UR, CS, CR
 Generalization, Discrimination, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery
 Latent Learning
 Operant Conditioning and Components: positive vs. negative reinforcement; positive vs.
negative punishment
 Primary vs. Secondary reinforcers
 Successive Approximations (shaping)
 Continuous vs. Partial (Intermittent) Reinforcement Schedules: Ratio vs. Interval, Fixed
vs. Variable
 Social Learning Theory: Observational Learning; Bandura’s Bobo doll Experiment