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Transcript
The Italian Renaissance
C15, S1
pp. 354 - 358
An Era of Awakening
• Renaissance 1345-1527 (rebirth) a
philosophical & artistic movement
• Marked by a renewed interest in ancient
Greek and Roman literature and life
• New emphasis on the power of human
reason developed
• Many advancements in the arts and
sciences
An Era of Awakening (cont)
Causes
• Trade encouraged
curiosity
• Search for
knowledge
• Italian cities grew
rich
• Medici Family (Medee-chee) - used
wealth to become a
great patron of the
arts
The Humanities
• 1300s - Italian scholars
turned to classical
Greek & Roman
literature to study
grammar, history,
poetry, and rhetoric
• Humanism- a critical
approach to learning;
verify through
investigation
Humanist Influence
Education
Important, critical
approach
Admiration for
Individual
achievement
Should lead a
Meaningful
life
Renaissance
Thought
Supporting
the arts
Belief in
human dignity
Italian Renaissance
Writers
• Francesco Petrarch (Pee-trhrk) - 1304-1374
• Scholar & teacher who wrote poetry
• Importance on leading a full and active life on earth
• Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) - wrote The Prince
• Much safer for a leader to be feared than loved
Italian Renaissance Art
• Art created realistic
scenes & images
• Depicted lifelike human
figures
• Used perspectivemade distant objects
smaller than those in
the foreground
• Combined religious
themes with
humanistic values
Italian Artists
• Leonardo Da Vinci - architect, engineer,
painter, sculptor, & scientist
• Last Supper, Mona Lisa
• Michelangelo - painter
• Sistine Chapel, sculpture of David