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Rebirth of classical learning and culture
An explosion of creativity in art, writing, and philosophy that lasted
approximately from 1300 – 1600
Began in Italy and gradually spread to the rest of Europe
Italy had three advantages as the birthplace of the Renaissance:
Thriving cities
Wealthy merchant class
Classical heritage of Greece and Rome
Italian Renaissance Artists
• Donatello, sculpture,
• Leonardo de Vinci,
painter, sculpture,
scientist, Mona Lisa,
Last Supper
Italian Renaissance Artists, cont.
• Raphael, painter,
promoter of realism in
• Michelangelo, painter,
sculptor, architect, poet,
Sistine Chapel, Statue of
Northern European Artists
 Rembrandt, Dutch
• Focused on humanism, about
the potential of human
• Dante’s Divine Comedy,
describing the Inferno or hell is
part of it
• Spirit of Renaissance was
secular – worldly rather than
• Writers wrote in the vernacular
or native languages
• Some women writers during
the Renaissance
• Machiavelli’s The Prince is a
politicians guide book on how
to rule
• Later in England William
Shakespeare, the most famous
writer of this era in England
• Humanistic movement
focusing on the potential of
human intellect and
• Greater emphasis on
secularism, worldly rather than
• Italian humanists were
interested in reviving interest in
classical studies
• Northern European humanists
sought reform in society and
promoted education
• Desiderius Erasmus of Holland
and Thomas More of England
were some of the better known
Scientific Contributions of the
• Anatomy of humans was of
great interest to the artist
• Renewed interest in all
aspects of science
• Invention of Johann
Guttenberg’s printing press
revolutionizes the availability of
written works
• Renewed interest in arts and
science led the way to the
Scientific Revolution
• New discoveries were
published leading to more
investigation and discovery