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Unit I Review
Shoot for 2
What did Suleyman I do?

Created fair laws

Created fair taxes

Created the Devshirme system

Created the Jannisaries

Killed his son
Why did the Ottomans take over
Constantinople?

B/c of its location. Whoever controlled it controlled trade between Africa,
Europe, and Asia
How did the Ottomans take over
Constantinople

First they tried using cannons

Then they tried to get closer but there was a chain

They used trees to put the boats on to get around the chain
Who was Timur the Lame?

An enemy of the Ottoman Empire.

He stopped the Ottomans from expanding
Why was Timur the Lame called that?

B/c he had a limp leg from getting shot in the leg with an arrow
How did Portugal think they could get to
Asia?

By going around Africa
Where was the Mughal Empire?

India
What did Akbar do?

Religious freedom

Got rid of non-muslim taxes

Made fair taxes

Blended cultures and languages
What was the Devshirme system

When the Ottomans would take over Christian territories they would take the
boys to be soldiers, educated them, fed them, and converted them to Islam
What did Shah Jahan do?

Built the Taj Mahal
What were the motivations to explore?

God, Gold, and Glory
Where was the Ottoman Empire?

Anatolia which is today Turkey
What country was the first to explore
overseas?

Portugal
What was the Columbian Exchange

The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of
the Americas
Who was the first Portuguese explore to
try and make it to Asia? Why did he fail?

Bartholemu Diaz

He did not have enough supplies
Which Portuguese explorer made it Asia?
Why was this important?

Vasco Da Gama

He found a sea route to Asia for trade
How did Spain think they could get to
Asia?

Be sailing west across the Atlantic
Who was the first explorer to try to search
for a sea route for Spain? Where did he end
up?

Christopher Columbus

He ended up in the Carribeans
What did Francisco Pizzaro do?

Conquered the Incan empire
What technology allowed for overseas
exploration?

Compass

Astrolabe

Caravel
How did the French make money in
America?

By trading fur
What was the middle passage

The middle leg od transatlantic trade where Africans were sent to the
Americas under horrible conditions
What was the Atlantic Slave Trade?

Buying and selling of Africans for work in Americas
What is capitalism?

Based on private ownership and investment
Why were Africans chosen as slaves

They were immune to disease

Unfamiliar with the land

And had good farming techniques
What was China’s official trading policy?

Only the government was allowed to trade with foreign countries
What goods were brought to the
Americas

Cows

Chickens

Horses
What goods were brought to Europe?

Corn

Potatoes

Cocoa

Tomatoes
What did Cortes do?

Took over the Aztecs
Why was Portugal leading European in
oversea exploration

Location

Navigation school

They want to cut out the Italians and Muslims
Why did Francisco Pizzaro conquer the
Incan Empire?

To make $$$$ for Spain
What is an Astrolabe?

A tool used to tell you the latitude (how far north or south of the equator you
are)
What was the purposed of Joint-Stock
Companies

To make $$ off exploration by “pooling wealth”
What was the main economic activity in
New France?

Fur trade
This sultan built the Taj Mahal for his
wife

Shah Jahan
What type of policy did Japan have
involving foreign trade?

Closed Country Policy
What were the positives and negatives
of the Columbian Exchange?

New goods
Disease

New land
Guns

New food
Slave Trade
Who conquered the Aztec Empire?

Hernando Cortes
Who encouraged religious tolerance in
the MUGHAL empire?

Akbar
The system where Christian boys were taken
as slaves, converted to Islam, and turned into
warriors

Devshrime System
The empire located in Anatolia

The Ottoman Empire
This empire was located in India

The Mughal Empire
The Ottomans were able to conquer this
Byzantine city using cannons and military
strategy.

Constantinople
Why was the Caravel and important
development in navigation?

It was able to sail against the wind
This was the term for a warrior for Islam who
belonged to a military society with a strict
code of conduct

Ghazi
This guy interrupted the growth of the
Ottoman Empire

Timur the Lame
This sultan created universal laws and a
fair tax system in the Ottoman Empire

Suleyman I
Fly Swatter Review
Christopher Columbus
Francisco Pizzaro
Hernando Cortes
Bartholomeus Diaz
Vasco Da Gama
Mughal Empire
Ottoman Empire
Timur the Lame
Osman
Akbar
Suleyman I
Shah Jahan
Taj Mahal
Devshirme system
Ghazi
Cannons
Janissaries
Constantinople
Cultural Blending
Caravel
Astrolabe
Compass