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Transcript
Emily Pannkuk
EDUC
Chapter 6 Quotes and Comments
INTASC Standards:
1: Learner Development
The teacher understands how learners grow and develop, recognizing that
patterns of learning and development vary individually within and across the
cognitive, linguistic, social, emotional, and physical areas, and designs and
implements developmentally appropriate and challenging learning experiences.
6: Assessment
The teacher understands and uses multiple methods of assessment to
engage learners in their own growth, to monitor learner progress, and
to guide the teacher’s and learner’s decision making.
1. “Behaviorism is a theory that explains learning in terms of observable
behaviors and how they’re influenced by stimuli from the environment.
It defines learning as a relatively enduring change in observable
behavior that occurs as a result of experience (Schunk, 2004; B.F.
Skinner, 1953).” Pg 164
2. Operant conditioning describes learning when there are responses as a result
of consequences or events that occur following behaviors. Classical
conditioning is involuntary reactions to an instinctive or reflexive response.
These are very different and are different ways that kids will react to
behaviors and ways you can look at their behavior. Pg164-167
3. There is positive and negative reinforcement. Positive rewards people for
good behaviors and negative punishes people. Negative reinforcement is not
good because people and children especially hate being punished and it can
force them to act out even more. In the same way if you over praise a child
with positive reinforcement it may make them slack off because they already
know how great you think they are.
4. There are different kinds of punishment. However, never use detention.
Don’t keep kids after school it embarrasses them and makes them angry. No
one wants to stay after school. You don’t want to harm a developing child’s
self esteem. Pg 172
5. “Social cognitive theory, a theory of learning that focuses on changes in
behavior that result from observing others, emerged from work
pioneered by Albert Bandura (1925-) (Bandura, 1986,1997,2001).”
Pg.179 Social cognitive theory has its roots in behaviorism. Similar in three
ways: agree that experience is an important cause of learning, include
concepts of reinforcement and punishment in their explanations of learning,
and agree that feedback is important in promoting learning.
6. As a teacher you should specify the behaviors you are going to reinforce so
students and act and adapt accordingly and you should provide students
clear feedback on their behavior.
7. “Cognitive modeling, the process of performing a demonstration
combined with verbalizing the thinking behind the actions
(Schunk,2004). Pg.182 Students can also learn by vicarious learninglearning through observing others actions.
8. “Self-regulation, the process of setting personal goals, combined with
the motivation, thought processes, strategies, and behaviors that lead
to reaching the goals (Simmerman & Schunk, 2001).” Pg.185 People
learn through experiences and setting their own goals and making their own
thoughts. You need to let the students learn through experience and form
their own opinions.