Download Psychotherapy - a procedure in which a trained person establishes

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Psychotherapy - a procedure in which a trained person establishes a special kind of
relationship with an individual seeking help, in order to remove or modify existing
symptoms, change disturbed patterns of behavior and thought, and promote personal
Psychodynamic Therapies - based on the idea that psychological d/o stem from
unconscious inner conflicts.
- free association
- dream interpretation
2 things usually occur in psychoanalysis:
- resistance
- transference
Problem with psychoanalysis
Humanistic Therapies - focus on helping clients become more truly themselves; to find
meaning in their lives in a way that is consistent with their own values and traits.
1. Client-Centered Therapy - developed by Carl Rogers; believed psychological d/o
develop because people believe they must be something other than who they really are in
order to be loved and accepted.
2. Gestalt Therapy - developed by Fritz Perls; believed psychological d/o develop when
people hide or disown parts of their thoughts or feelings.
- two chair technique
Behavior Therapies - based on the fundamental processes of learning, especially operant
and classical conditioning; make the assumption that all behaviors (normal and abnormal)
are learned.
1. Classical Conditioning Approaches - use of counterconditioning: conditioning a new
response to the stimulus that elicits the unwanted behavior.
2 types:
- aversive conditioning
- systematic desensitization
2. Operant Conditioning Approaches - believe that maladaptive behaviors are being
reinforced in some way.
3 steps a.
Operant conditioning approaches are best used -
3. Observational Learning - modeling
Cognitive Therapies - focus on changing distorted or maladaptive patterns of thought;
recognizes that thoughts are as much a part of psychology as behaviors.
Rational - Emotive Therapy –
developed by Albert Ellis;
believed that irrational ideas or thoughts lead us to experience psychological distress;
goal is to restructure a person’s belief system into a more realistic, rational, and logical
set of views of the world.
Group Therapies
1. psychodrama
2. behavioral group therapy
3. humanistic group therapy
4. self-help group therapy
Interpersonal Therapies
1. Marital (couple) therapy
2. Family Systems therapy
Does Psychotherapy work??