Congruence: An integrative five-dimension model
... congruence where there is a matching, not just between self and experience, but also with
communication. Lietaer (2001) calls this Dimension-3 congruence transparency, referring to
the use of self or self-disclosure of the symbolized experience. Classical theorists (e.g. Brodley,
Raskin) assert that ...
Congruence in the therapists` and clients` ratings of the therapeutic
... The concept of the therapeutic alliance holds a prominent place throughout the
contemporary history of psychotherapy research and theory. Traditionally the therapeutic
relationship has been thought of as an “arena” where the individual’s (i.e. the clients) thoughts,
feelings and experiences could be ...
Bartering: A Critical Review and Theoretical Conceptualization
... recently the APA strongly discouraged bartering in their code of ethics (APA, 2010). However,
the literature on the topic is scattered and there are no empirical studies to evidence that bartering
causes harm to clients. Despite this fact, bartering related issues are a cause for many ethical
Trichotillomania - Plymouth State University
... • Be patient and flexible with your loved one
• Make efforts to communicate in a sensitive manner
• Stay calm!
• Seek support if you need it! Try a self-help support
group, read books or seek additional resources.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy: An overview
... 4) setting appropriate treatment
goals. (See Figure 1.)
With the completion of the
interpersonal inventory, an
interpersonal focus is formulated using
the four IPT problem areas.
c. The middle sessions
In the middle sessions of IPT the
therapist and patient address one or
more of the four IPT proble ...
Psychological Treatment of Eating Disorders
... adolescents and young adults (Ball & Mitchell, 2004). At
present, then, there is little basis for the widespread belief
that family therapy is specifically efficacious for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (Fairburn, 2005). There are,
however, other sound reasons for adopting the approach.
The Mauds ...
Course Handbook for students 2007-08
... specific diagnostic conceptualisations which aim accurately to pinpoint the specific
cognitive and behavioural difficulties that characterise particular disorders and shall
describe specific treatment interventions designed to target them.
In the third term we will introduce specific issues in treat ...
Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review
... ioral technique is systematic exposure to situations and stimuli that evoke pathological
fear. With repeated and prolonged exposure, anxiety responses gradually diminish, a
process known as habituation (Wolpe, 1958). Other theorists (e.g., Foa & Kozak, 1986)
have postulated that exposure procedures ...
Module 7 – Therapeutic communication and relationships
... Minimise distractions and make sure you have the person’s attention
Noise is a major distraction and can affect communication, although
the noise of a busy healthcare environment may not be obvious to the
health professional who is accustomed to communicating in such an
environment. As well as exter ...
... © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cognitive-Behavioral Case Formulation
... ders or who do not make good progress in treatment. Therapists, particularly inexperienced ones, often feel overwhelmed by complex, multipleproblem clients. The therapist wonders which problem to tackle first, how
to track progress in the therapy, and how to intervene appropriately. The
CB case form ...
Evaluation of mediators of change in the treatment of epilepsy with
... almost any behaviorally coherent behavior change method
can fit into an ACT protocol, including exposure, skills
acquisition, shaping methods, goal setting, and the like.
Because ACT is part of the cognitive and behavioral
therapies at large (Hayes, Bissett, Korn et al. 1999; Hayes,
Derby Talks 3rd December 2013
... Events in my life over the past few years seem to have been telling me
it’s time for change and to reconnect with my true life path. However
it can be so difficult to see where that path lies, to strip away all the
experiences and conditioning that have led me to where I am today
and get back to wha ...
empathy: is that what i hear you saying?
... personal communication" (Plum, 1981, p.3). One cannot use therapeutic techniques to
simulate empathic feelings. While enhanced communication skills may have positive impact
on the therapeutic dialogue, this approach does not acknowledge that empathy must be felt to
be real. Empathy is not simply tal ...
... employ treatment manuals, therefore, should be on the average more prone to yield
Experience level of therapists is an obvious variable to explore in terms of its
relevance to therapist effects. In fact, Perry and Howard (1989) recently reported
data from three samples where the s ...
Aaron T. Beck: The cognitive revolution in theory
... he presented at the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy
(Beck, 1970). John Rush, one of his residents at the time, encouraged him to
conduct a randomized controlled trial that found that cognitive therapy was
both superior to and longer lasting than medication (Rush et al., 1977).
Cognitive- Behavioral Therapy for Adults
... There is strong support for the efficacy of individual exposure therapy
administered to a range of trauma populations (men and women; survivors of
military trauma, physical and sexual assault, childhood sexual abuse, motor
vehicle accidents, political violence) from 22 randomized Agency for Health
... Releasing people with severe psychological
disorders into the community
Can cause problems
Building Therapeutic Relationships with Mental Health
... In the exploitation phase, Peplau states that the client takes full use of the resources
available to them in the relationship. The client tries to obtain the full value of the
relationship. There is an internal struggle of being dependent or independent. The
client’s more demanding, exploitative si ...
Reality therapy (RT) is an approach to psychotherapy and counseling. Developed by William Glasser in the 1960s, RT differs from conventional psychiatry, psychoanalysis and medical model schools of psychotherapy in that it focuses on what Glasser calls psychiatry's three Rs: realism, responsibility, and right-and-wrong, rather than symptoms of mental disorders. Reality therapy maintains that the individual is suffering from a socially universal human condition rather than a mental illness. It is in the unsuccessful attainment of basic needs that a person's behavior moves away from the norm. Since fulfilling essential needs is part of a person's present life, reality therapy does not concern itself with a client's past. Neither does this type of therapy deal with unconscious mental processes. In these ways reality therapy is very different from other forms of psychotherapy.The reality therapy approach to counseling and problem-solving focuses on the here-and-now actions of the client and the ability to create and choose a better future. Typically, clients seek to discover what they really want and how they are currently choosing to behave in order to achieve these goals. According to Glasser, the social component of psychological disorders has been highly overlooked in the rush to label the population as sick or mentally ill. Reality therapy attempts to separate the client from the behavior. Just because someone is experiencing distress resulting from a social problem does not make him sick; it just makes him out of sync with his psychological needs.