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Egypt Study Guide Egypt is found on the continent of Africa. Vocabulary: Papyrus- Plant used to make paper Cataracts - Waterfalls found along the Nile/Made travel difficult Silt - Mixture of soil and small rocks; makes soil fertile Unify - Unite or join together as with Upper and Lower Egypt Hieroglyphics - Ancient Egyptian picture writing; decoded with the Rosetta Stone Mummy - preserved dead body; used on dead pharaohs; took 70 days Pyramid – served as houses for the dead pharaohs including possessions for the afterlife. Rosetta Stone – key to decoding hieroglyphics. Who is….. Ra – Sun god; main god of ancient Egypt Hatshepsut – became pharaoh when her husband died. The Nile: Brings life to Egypt Floods annually Too much flooding – destroys crops Too little flooding – plants will die; Egyptians would use stored surplus food Flows northward Deposits silt that makes land fertile Black Lands –fertile land along the Nile Red Land – Desert land beyond the Black lands Social pyramid Pharaoh Nobles/priests Merchants/craftsmen Slaves/laborers identify the Nile River, the delta, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.