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Jenell Thompson m. Ed, LCSW, PPSC Ability to explain how professional values and ethics influence the decision making process in daily work. Recognition that we all have a code, like the NASW Code of Ethics for social workers, that guides practice Ability to identify tow types of ethical issues that are related to your work. Understanding of how one’s values may influence one’s decision making process. It is important for every worker to be clear about these guiding principles Establishes a clear direction with common Professional principles, values, ethics, and mission. •These also drive us personally and professionally as we make decisions A brief description of an organization overall goals, direction and purpose, offers reasons for existence and operating values. Used to support programs effort and inform the public of their information NASW – SW Dictionary Activity ◦ Create a professional mission statement 15 words or less (what is your focus? What is important to your site/staff?) How do you define ‘values’? How do you define ‘ethics’? Values: Beliefs and attitudes that provide direction to everyday life Values can be positive (cleanliness, education) or negative (crime, cruelty). Ethics: A theory or system of moral principles or values; belief about what is right or wrong; good or bad. What should or “ought” to be Let me tell you a story: “Alligator River” Moral and Values Judgmental Ethical Decision Making Ethics in Risk Management NonJudgmental 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Technology development Rights movement Increased litigation Media publicity Professional Maturity 1) 2) 3) 4) Prevent ethical mistakes Unintentional breaches of confidentiality Decision making Colleague misconduct 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Identifies Core Values for Social Work Reflects Core Values and established ethical standards Helps social workers identify relevant considerations in conflict or ethical concern Public Accountability for Social Work Profession Socializes new social workers to professional standards and expectations Provides a checks and balances for professional social work. Service Social Justice Dignity and Worth of the Person Importance of Human Relationships Integrity Competence What are your top three values or guiding principles by which you conduct your practice or make everyday life decisions? How does it look in your interactions with your staff? The children and parents? Impact of culture Interactions Conflicts of interests Professional Integrity Boundaries Typical Western Values Typical Eastern Values Independence Interdependence Cooperation Collective responsibility Conformity Individualism Competition While these principles appear fairly universal, there is, of course, considerable cultural diversity in the way in which these appear in values and behaviors Engagement Motivation Worker Bias Unfair advantage of any professional relationship to exploit others to further their personal, political or business interest Your Responsibilities: Inform clients and/or supervisor when a real or potential conflict of interest arises Take reasonable steps to resolve the issue in a manner that makes the client’s interest primary. When dual relationships are unavoidable, take steps to protect clients and set clear, appropriate and sensitive boundaries Physical Contact Taking Children Home (Your Home) Be Careful of Collateral Social Contact Take Reasonable steps to Safeguard the interests and rights of impaired clients Self-Awareness/Impairment ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Identify with Parents or Children Use Childhood to Assess Family Fear of Mistakes Personal Problems Unconscious Sensual Response Derogatory Language Professional integrity includes being honest, sincere and ethical in work and interactions Being professionally responsible, committed to completing tasks, services and assignments in a timely and satisfactory manner An ethical dilemma presents a choice that must be made between two mutually exclusive courses of action. These may be two goods, or benefits, or values, or principles or the avoidance of two harms. The choices facing the individual or organization are relatively evenly balanced and of relatively equal worth. The process of evaluating ethically relevant considerations in choosing a course of action. RESOLVING ETHICAL DILEMMAS o Process is Systematic and impartial o Identify Problem or dilemma and check facts o Identify intended and unintended outcomes (Brainstorm with colleagues and/or Supervisor) o Relevant laws/ethical principles o Test your thoughts!!!! Consider a course of action What values act as good principles guiding the action? How does your course of action match earlier list of values and mission? Ethical decision making is a process. There are many instances in social work where simple answers are not available to resolve complex ethical issues. Whenever there is a question as to how an ethical issues should not be resolved – seek supervisory assistance/consult. Social work is just that – social – a collaborative effort.