Download Practice Test Chapters 17 & 18

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Moscovium wikipedia, lookup

Livermorium wikipedia, lookup

Neptunium wikipedia, lookup

Dubnium wikipedia, lookup

Oganesson wikipedia, lookup

Tennessine wikipedia, lookup

Isotope wikipedia, lookup

Chemical element wikipedia, lookup

Valley of stability wikipedia, lookup

History of molecular theory wikipedia, lookup

Periodic table wikipedia, lookup

Extended periodic table wikipedia, lookup

Ununennium wikipedia, lookup

Unbinilium wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Practice Test
Chapters 17 & 18
By April Senger
How many different elements are
there in a water molecule H2O?
•
•
•
•
Two
One
Four
Three
How many different elements are
there in a water molecule H2O?
•
•
•
•
Two
One
Four
Three
Compared to the atoms that make
up the body of an elderly person,
the atoms that make up the body of
a newborn baby are
•
•
•
•
Actually older
Newer
Created as needed
The same age
Compared to the atoms that make
up the body of an elderly person,
the atoms that make up the body of
a newborn baby are
•
•
•
•
Actually older
Newer
Created as needed
The same age
Which of these atoms has the
greatest charge in its nucleus?
•
•
•
•
Gold
Helium
Lead
Carbon
Which of these atoms has the
greatest charge in its nucleus?
•
•
•
•
Gold
Helium
Lead
Carbon
If you change the number of
neutrons, the result is
•
•
•
•
A new element
An ion
An isotope
None of these
If you change the number of
neutrons, the result is
•
•
•
•
A new element
An ion
An isotope
None of these
What is the family name of group
two?
•
•
•
•
Halogens
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metals
Noble gases
What is the family name of group
two?
•
•
•
•
Halogens
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metals
Noble gases
The weight of matter comes mostly
from its
•
•
•
•
Electrons
Protons
Neither
Both
The weight of matter comes mostly
from its
•
•
•
•
Electrons
Protons
Neither (both Protons and Neutrons)
Both
With increasing atomic number, the
atomic size of the elements as you
go across the table
•
•
•
•
Decreases
Increases
Decreases with sudden increases
Increases with sudden decreases
With increasing atomic number, the
atomic size of the elements as you
go across the table
•
•
•
•
Decreases
Increases
Decreases with sudden increases
Increases with sudden decreases
Which of the following are
electrically neutral?
•
•
•
•
Electron
Neutron
Proton
All of these
Which of the following are
electrically neutral?
•
•
•
•
Electron
Neutron
Proton
All of these
Compared to the mass of a
Hydrogen atom, the mass of a
Carbon atom is
•
•
•
•
Eight times greater
12 x greater
16 x greater
More than 16 x greater
Compared to the mass of a
Hydrogen atom, the mass of a
Carbon atom is
•
•
•
•
Eight times greater
12 x greater
16 x greater
More than 16 x greater
Which of these atoms has the
greatest number of electrons?
•
•
•
•
Iron
Gold
Carbon
Lead
Which of these atoms has the
greatest number of electrons?
•
•
•
•
Iron
Gold
Carbon
Lead
If you change the number of
protons, the result is
•
•
•
•
An ion
An isotope
A new element
A metalloid
If you change the number of
protons, the result is
•
•
•
•
An ion
An isotope
A new element
A metalloid
What is the family name for group
17?
•
•
•
•
Noble gas
Alkali metal
Transition metal
Halogen
What is the family name for group
17?
•
•
•
•
Noble gas
Alkali metal
Transition metal
Halogen
The volume of matter comes
mostly from its
•
•
•
•
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
None of these
The volume of matter comes
mostly from its
•
•
•
•
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
None of these
How many electrons are in the
outermost shell of Calcium?
•
•
•
•
2
4
8
40
How many electrons are in the
outermost shell of Calcium?
•
•
•
•
2
4
8
40
One element is distinguished from
another by the number of
•
•
•
•
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
All of these
One element is distinguished from
another by the number of
•
•
•
•
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
All of these
What is the total number of protons
& neutrons in a sugar molecule
C6H12O6?
•
•
•
•
3
24
180
216
What is the total number of protons
& neutrons in a sugar molecule
C6H12O6?
• 3
• 24
• 180 (add up the atomic masses because
mass is p + n…there are 6 carbons, 12
hydrogen and 6 oxygen)
• 216
In the Periodic Table, the
metalloids are found
•
•
•
•
Horizontally below the main body
Diagonally just to the right of center
Vertically to the far left hand side
Vertically to the far right hand side
In the Periodic Table, the
metalloids are found
•
•
•
•
Horizontally below the main body
Diagonally just to the right of center
Vertically to the far left hand side
Vertically to the far right hand side
What element are you if your
atomic number is 16?
•
•
•
•
Oxygen
Silicon
Chlorine
Sulfur
What element are you if your
atomic number is 16?
•
•
•
•
Oxygen
Silicon
Chlorine
Sulfur
•
•
•
•
At room temperature, the majority
of the elements on the periodic
table are
Solids
Liquids
Gases
plasmas
•
•
•
•
At room temperature, the majority
of the elements on the periodic
table are
Solids
Liquids
Gases
plasmas
The chemical properties of matter
comes mostly from its
•
•
•
•
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
None of these
The chemical properties of matter
comes mostly from its
•
•
•
•
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
None of these
The Bohr model of the atom is
similar to a
• Central ball with lighter balls connected by
springs
• Blob of plum pudding
• Miniature solar system
• All of these
The Bohr model of the atom is
similar to a
• Central ball with lighter balls connected by
springs
• Blob of plum pudding
• Miniature solar system
• All of these
How many electrons are in the
outermost shell of a Chlorine (Cl is
atomic number #17)
•
•
•
•
7
17
35
1
How many electrons are in the
outermost shell of a Chlorine (Cl is
atomic number #17)
• 7 (group 17-drop the 1 and this group has
7 valance electrons)
• 17
• 35
• 1
What is the symbol of Iron?
•
•
•
•
I
Ir
IR
Fe
What is the symbol of Iron?
•
•
•
•
I
Ir
IR
Fe
Elements of the periodic table
corresponds to a
•
•
•
•
Atomic size
Atomic number
Atomic mass
All of these
Elements of the periodic table
corresponds to a
•
•
•
•
Atomic size
Atomic number
Atomic mass
All of these
Which of these atoms has the most
mass?
•
•
•
•
Lead
Iron
Uranium
Hydrogen
Which of these atoms has the most
mass?
•
•
•
•
Lead
Iron
Uranium
Hydrogen
If two protons are removed from an
oxygen nucleus, the result is
•
•
•
•
Carbon
Helium
Nitrogen
Neon
If two protons are removed from an
oxygen nucleus, the result is
•
•
•
•
Carbon
Helium
Nitrogen
Neon
Which of the following would have
the greatest tendency to shatter if
hit with a hammer?
•
•
•
•
Nonmetal
Metalloid
Metal
Inner transition metal
Which of the following would have
the greatest tendency to shatter if
hit with a hammer?
•
•
•
•
Nonmetal
Metalloid
Metal
Inner transition metal
What elements are, dull, brittle, and
do not conduct well?
•
•
•
•
Transition metals
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloids
What elements are, dull, brittle, and
do not conduct well?
•
•
•
•
Transition metals
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloids
How many electrons does a neutral
Aluminum have?
•
•
•
•
3
13
27
None of these
How many electrons does a neutral
Aluminum have?
•
•
•
•
3
13
27
None of these
In an electrically neutral atom, the
number of protons in the nucleus is
balanced by an equal number of
•
•
•
•
Quarks
Neutrons
Electrons
All of these
In an electrically neutral atom, the
number of protons in the nucleus is
balanced by an equal number of
•
•
•
•
Quarks
Neutrons
Electrons
All of these
To change mercury into gold, a pair
of protons must be
•
•
•
•
Added to the mercury nucleus
Removed from the mercury nucleus
Both of these
Neither of these
To change mercury into gold, a pair
of protons must be
•
•
•
•
Added to the mercury nucleus
Removed from the mercury nucleus
Both of these
Neither of these (it is only one proton
away)
If two protons are added to a
Sodium, the result is
•
•
•
•
Carbon
Fluorine
Aluminum
Magnesium
If two protons are added to a
Sodium, the result is
•
•
•
•
Carbon
Fluorine
Aluminum
Magnesium
If an element with atomic number
118 was ever synthesized, it would
be
•
•
•
•
Liquid
Solid
Gas
Extremely reactive
If an element with atomic number
118 was ever synthesized, it would
be
•
•
•
•
Liquid
Solid
Gas
Extremely reactive
If one neutron is added to oxygen,
the result is
•
•
•
•
Nitrogen
Fluorine
Hydrogen
Heavier oxygen
If one neutron is added to oxygen,
the result is
•
•
•
•
Nitrogen
Fluorine
Hydrogen
Heavier oxygen
What elements look like nonmetals
but conduct like a metal when they
are put under the right
circumstances?
•
•
•
•
Metalloids
Transition metals
Nonmetals
Metals
What elements look like nonmetals
but conduct like a metal when they
are put under the right
circumstances?
•
•
•
•
Metalloids
Transition metals
Nonmetals
Metals
A radioactive Sr is dangerous to
humans because it builds up in the
bone marrow. How does this relate
to the periodic table?
• Sr and Ca are in the same group so they are
similar to each other
• Sr has 18 extra electrons to cause harm
• Sr and Ca are in the same period so are similar
to each other
• Sr is twice as massive as Calcium
A radioactive Sr is dangerous to
humans because it builds up in the
bone marrow. How does this relate
to the periodic table?
• Sr and Ca are in the same group so they are
similar to each other
• Sr has 18 extra electrons to cause harm
• Sr and Ca are in the same period so are similar
to each other
• Sr is twice as massive as Calcium
Each vertical column in the periodic
table corresponds to
•
•
•
•
Cluster
Period
Group
None of these
Each vertical column in the periodic
table corresponds to
•
•
•
•
Cluster
Period
Group
None of these
The elements of the periodic table
are mostly
•
•
•
•
Gases
Metalloids
Nonmetals
Metals
The elements of the periodic table
are mostly
•
•
•
•
Gases
Metalloids
Nonmetals
Metals
As atoms get more massive, they
become smaller in size because
• Their mass becomes more concentrated
• More mass means more protons, which
act to pull electrons closer
• More massive atoms have greater
numbers of shells
• They don’t
As atoms get more massive, they
become smaller in size because
• Their mass becomes more concentrated
• More mass means more protons, which
act to pull electrons closer
• More massive atoms have greater
numbers of shells
• They don’t
Each horizontal row in the periodic
table corresponds to a
•
•
•
•
Cluster
Period
Group
None of these
Each horizontal row in the periodic
table corresponds to a
•
•
•
•
Cluster
Period
Group
None of these
He and Be are both the second
element in their respected intervals.
They are not placed directly above
or below each other because they
•
•
•
•
Have different #’s of protons
Have different atomic masses
Do not have similar properties
Are arranged alphabetically
He and Be are both the second
element in their respected intervals.
They are not placed directly above
or below each other because they
•
•
•
•
Have different #’s of protons
Have different atomic masses
Do not have similar properties
Are arranged alphabetically
What is the atomic mass of
Nitrogen?
•
•
•
•
7
14
21
28
What is the atomic mass of
Nitrogen?
•
•
•
•
7
14
21
28
Which has the greatest number of
protons in its nucleus?
•
•
•
•
Lead
Silver
Mercury
Xenon
Which has the greatest number of
protons in its nucleus?
•
•
•
•
Lead (has highest atomic number)
Silver
Mercury
Xenon
How many neutrons does
Potassium have?
•
•
•
•
19
39
20
23
How many neutrons does
Potassium have?
•
•
•
•
19
39
20
23
The air in this room has
•
•
•
•
Energy
Mass
Weight
All of these
The air in this room has
•
•
•
•
Energy
Mass
Weight
All of these
Are You Ready?
• Feel free to practice this again and again.
• Please note that if a questions asks about
oxygen on the practice test…the REAL
TEST might ask about another element. It
is important you know why the answer is
right
• Good Luck!