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Name: _________________________
Date: _________________ Pd: ____
RAT
Abdominal Cavity Dissection
Part 1:
Write the correct term for each of the following definitions.
1. Organ that regulates blood glucose, cholesterol, hormones, and makes bile. ________________
2. Fine, membranous tissue that holds organs in place. ___________________________________
3. Organ that secretes insulin and other digestive enzymes. _______________________________
4. Large muscular pouch that mixes food and digestive juices. _____________________________
5. Reservoir for blood and manufacturing site for white blood cells. _________________________
Part 2:
Number the organs of the digestive system, as food would pass through it.
______ Small Intestine
______ Esophagus
______ Large Intestine
______ Anus
______ Stomach
______ Mouth
Part 3:
Answer the following questions about the abdominal cavity.
1. How is food moved through the esophagus? Name and explain the process. ________________
______________________________________________________________________________
2. Identify the location of the stomach in reference to the liver and the esophagus. ____________
______________________________________________________________________________
3. What is the name of the muscular valve at the opening of the stomach? ___________________
4. What is the name of the muscular valve at the end of the stomach? ______________________
Turn to BACK
5. What are the three segments of the small intestine? Name them in order.
a. ______________________
b. ______________________
c. ______________________
6. Why is the large intestine referred to as “large”? ______________________________________
7. What is the function of the caecum? ________________________________________________
8. What structure in humans is thought to be derived from the caecum? _____________________
9. Describe the location of the main portion of the pancreas (what is it near)? ________________
______________________________________________________________________________
10. Where is the spleen located? ______________________________________________________
11. What system is the spleen associated with? ____________________________________
12. What cavities does the diaphragm separate?
a. _____________________________
b. _____________________________