Download HB Chapter 3.3 and 3.4 Vocab Flashcards

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Transcript
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Fluid released by salivary glands
when you eat
saliva
HB 3.3 and 3.4
A thick, slippery substance produced
by the body that lines the esophagus
mucus
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Flap of tissue that seals off your
windpipe and prevents food from
entering the lungs as you swallow
epiglottis
HB 3.3 and 3.4
j-shaped muscular pouch in the
abdomen
stomach
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Process by which your body breaks
down food into small nutrient
molecules
digestion
HB 3.3 and 3.4
esophagus
Muscular tube that connects the
mouth to the stomach
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Waves of involuntary muscle
contractions that push food toward
the stomach
peristalsis
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Process by which nutrient molecules
pass through the wall of your
digestive system into your blood
absorption
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Protein that speeds up chemical
reactions in the body
enzyme
HB 3.3 and 3.4
bile
Substance that breaks up fat particles
HB 3.3 and 3.4
pancreas
Triangular organ located between the
stomach and the first part of the
small intestine that help break down
carbohydrates, proteins and fats
HB 3.3 and 3.4
anus
A muscular opening at the end of the
rectum
HB 3.3 and 3.4
large intestine
Last section of the digestive system
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Millions of finger-shaped structures
folded into the inner surface of the
small intestine
villi
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Does many jobs in the body such as
making bile for the digestive system
(largest organ in the body)
liver
HB 3.3 and 3.4
Where waste material is compressed
into solid form
rectum
HB 3.3 and 3.4
gallbladder
Where bile is stored
HB 3.3 and 3.4
small intestine
Part of the digestive system where
most chemical digestion takes place