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Transcript
ANCIENT GREECE
LOCATION: BETWEEN ASIA,
AFRICA AND EUROPE
IT WAS COMPOSED OF:
THE BALKAN PENINSULA
THE PELOPONNESE
ASIA MINOR
Independence of Greek cities
Its location contributed to:
To sell their products (sea
voyages)
HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE
KING MINOS
MINOAN
(CRETE)
BRONZE AGE
WRITING
TRADE
MYCENAEAN
(PELOPONNESE)
METAL AGE
DORIANS
IRON AGE
LIVED FROM LIVESTOCK
AGRICULTURE AND TRADING
DORIANS SUBJUGATED PEOPLE
GREEK DARK AGE
POLEIS
ARCHAIC AGE: COLONISATION
POLEIS GOVERNED BY KINGS
ARISTOCRACY
COLONIAL EXPANSION
TYRANTS
CLASSICAL AGE
(SPLENDID AGE)
ATHENS
-POLEIS PROTESTED AGAINST
ARISTOCRACY
-REFORMS : EKKLESIA (ELECTED
MAGISTRATES AND VOTED ON THE
LAWS)
-DEMOCRACY
SPARTA
MILITARY CONFLICTS
-PERSIAN WARS
-OLIGARCHY
-PELOPENNESIAN WARS
-TWO KINGS, 28 ELDERS
AND 5 OFFICIALS
-LYCURGUS WROTE THE LAWS
HELLENISTIC AGE
Macedonia conquered greek cities.
Philip II expanded Macedonian´s territories.
Alexander The Great (Philip´s son) took control of Greece, Syria, Egypt and
Mesopotamia.
After Alexander´s death three hellenistic kingdoms were formed:
MACEDONIA AND GREECE
ASIA MINOR, SYRIA, MESOPOTAMIA AND THE
OLD PERSIAN EMPIRE
EGYPT
THE ROMANS TOOK CONTROL OF THE GREEK TERRITORIES (1ST AND 2ND CENTURY BC)
AGRICULTURE (VINES AND
OLIVES)
THE ECONOMY
CRAFTS
TRADE (USED SILVER COINS)
CITIZENS
THE SOCIETY
NON-CITIZENS (FOREIGNERS)
SLAVES
* WOMEN´S ROLE WAS DIFFERENT DEPENDING ON EACH GREEK CITY STATE
BELIEVED IN MANY GODS
RELIGION
BELIEVED IN HEROES
EACH CITY HAD ITS OWN GODS
WORSHIPPED IN TEMPLES
OLYMPIC GAMES WERE DEDICATED TO ZEUS
BELIEVED IN ORACLES
PRIESTS INTERPRETED
THE MESSAGES
PHYLOSOPHY (SOCRATES, PLATO AND ARISTOTLE)
ARTS
LITERATURE (THEATRE AND POEMS)
HISTORY (HERODOTUS AND THUCYDIDES WERE THE FIRST
HISTORIANS)
MATHEMATICS, PHYSICS, MEDICINE
SCIENCES
ASTRONOMY
ARCHITECTURE
TEMPLE
TOMB
THEATRE
STADIUM
HIPPODROME
GYMNASIUM
SCULPTURES
ARCHAIC
CLASSICAL
HELLENISTIC