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18.3 Complements (part one)
Pg. 426
Complement: is a word or group of words that completes the
meaning of the predicate (verb) of a sentence
o Direct object
o Indirect object
o Objective complement
o Predicate nominative
o Predicate adjective
*Direct Objects and Indirect Objects only occur with action
verbs!*
Direct Objects: completes the meaning of an action verb by telling
“who” or “what”
DO
Ex) I visited the Air and Space Museum.
DO
Ex) Mud and leaves clogged the gutters.
DO
Ex) Which rocket did they launch?
Indirect Objects: is a noun or pronoun that appears with a direct
object and names the person/thing that something is given to or
done for. Ask “to whom?” or “for whom?” or “to what?” or “for
what?”
IO
DO
Ex) NASA gave the astronauts a course correction.
IO
DO
Ex) The teacher taught our class astrophysics.
Ex) We made the couch a slipcover.
Important Note: If you see words like: to, for, in, etc…these are
NOT NOT direct objects or indirect objects!!!
DO
OP (object of preposition)
Ex) NASA sent the poster to me.
Ex) NASA sent me the poster.
Hw. 427 ex 18-20, 24