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The Popes, Crusades & Pilgrimages of Medieval Europe Ms. Malloff’s Social Studies 8 class Prominent Popes of Medieval Europe Who were the Popes? • Pope is head of the Catholic Church • Had enormous influence over all of Western Europe (Christiandom) • Popes supported & advised kings (Charlemagne) Pope’s Power • Popes thought they had supreme authority over all the people of Christiandom including Kings and Nobles. • This was based on the idea that Christ’s apostle, Peter, was the first “Pope” & represented Christ on earth. Pope Urban II called the Crusades, “Holy Wars,” (1096-1200) to: • Purpose: to drive Muslims out of the Holy Land of Jerusalem, in Israel. • Restore Holy Land for Christian Pilgrims who liked to visit there. • Give knights a purposeful mission. • To unite Christians under him. Crusade! Jerusalem is a holy city To Muslims, Jews, And Christians. It is Located in Israel. Difference between a Crusade and a Pilgrimage • Crusade was a holy war, fought in Jerusalem against Muslims • Pilgrimage was a peaceful visit to a holy place (church, shrine) where a saint was buried or holy event took place. pilgrimage Who were the Crusaders? • Serfs who wanted a change from their mundane lives • Children who believed in the idea • Women & nuns who believed in the idea • Knights who wanted something to fight for. 120Crusade Jerusalem Jerusalem is here. There is fighting between Palestinian Muslims & Jews For this territory. Middle East Crusaders in Jerusalem What do you notice taking place In this painting? Crusaders What Happened? • Christians saw Muslims as “infidels” • “Infidel” is someone who doesn’t share your religious belief. • Muslims saw Christians as infidels, too. Results of the Crusades • Failure to win back the Holy Land. • Decline of Pope’s prestige & feudalism. • Interest in other places ideas, and cultures. What do you think? • Were Crusades a poor decision? Good decision? Why or why not? • Should you impose your ideas on someone else? • Were there some good things that happened as a result? • Would you have supported the idea of Crusading? The End