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Optics and Optoelectronics
Course developer
Credit points
Volume (number of academic
contact-hours per semester)
Course prerequisites
Course group (required,
compulsory choice or free
Course objectives
Course abstract
Janis Harja
3 (4,5 ECTS)
48 (24 – lectures, 24 – laboratory trainings)
Electricity and magnetism
The aim of the course is to give student basic knowledge of
ray and wave optics, physical optics phenomena, as well as
raise understanding about the close connection between
optics and electronics
(1) Understanding of ray and and wave approximation used
for description of optical phenomenon
(2) Ability to solve problems in optics and optoelectronics
using mathematical equations
(3) Understanding of possibilities for applying of optical
techniques in electronics
(4) Ability to plan and carry out optical experiments,
analyze the results, estimate results error, formulate
Course gives an insight into the basic optics. Optical
phenomena and effects are examined in both the geometric
and in wave optics approximations. In addition to the
classical optical chapters of light refraction, reflection,
interference, diffraction and of light interaction with the
matter course contains topics in nonlinear optics, lasers and
holography, in optoelectronic devices. The course includes
exercises and training in laboratory
Course description-general outline
1. Ray optics and its limit. Light reflection and refraction. Index of refraction. Total internal
reflection. Light reflection and refraction at a plane surfaces.
2. Light reflection and refraction at a spherical surfaces. Convex and concave mirrors.
Formation of images by spherical mirrors. Thin lenses, focus, optical power. Aberrations of
3. Combinations of lenses, magnification. Optical instruments: human eye, magnifying glass,
eyepiece, telescopes, microscope. Thick lenses. Aspherical surfaces.
4. Light as an electromagnetic wave. Huygens’ principle. Photometry. Sources of optical
radiation. Detectors of optical radiation. Optoelectronics systems.
5. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment, intensity in the interference pattern.
Interference in thin films.
6. Diffraction by a single slit, intensity in a single slit diffraction pattern. Diffraction grating.
Resolution of optical instruments. X-ray diffraction.
7. Polarization of light. Classification of polarization, methods for achieving polarization of
light, using of polarized light in science and technologies. Dispersion and scattering of light.
8. Applying of optical systems in engineering sciences: lasers, holography, liquid crystal
displays, spectroscopy.
Laboratory experiments
1. Lenses and aberrations of lenses
2. Formation of images in optical systems
3. Light propagation in optical fibers
4. Interference of light in slits
5. Diffraction of light in slits and gratings
6. Polarization of light
7. Laser an its radiation properties
8. Measurement of light propagation speed
Requirements for
obtaining credit points
Suggested titles
compulsory reading
further reading
Suggested periodicals and
internet resources
At least 4 laboratory experiments have to be carried out. All
experiments are assessed with mark which form the total grade in
the course - 30%
Exam - 70%
1. D.C. Giancoli. Physics for Scientists & Engineers with
Modern Physics, 3rd edition.- Prentice Hall, 2000
1. D.Halliday, R.Resnik, J.Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 6-th
edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001, ISBN 0-471-33235-6
2. E.Hecht. Optics, 3-d edition., Addison-Wesley, 1998