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Transcript
HOW TO PARAPHRASE
This is a quick list of the 5 steps, paraphrased from
www.eslwriting.org. Check “How to Paraphrase – Complete Guide”
for a more detailed description.
Paraphrasing is writing down what an author said in your own words. A
paraphrase will have different vocabulary and sentence structure than the
original text but still contains the author’s main point or idea. It is important to
remember that paraphrasing is NOT a direct copy of the text. If you directly
copy from the text without including a citation you are PLAGIARIZING.
You can use some or all of these Steps in any order.
1. Similar Words
Try to find synonyms for verbs and adjectives and phrases for the words
used in the source or in the simplified copy of the source you have written.
2. Passive and Active Voice
Change the voice of the original or simplified sentence. If the voice is active
try making the paraphrase passive. If the voice is passive try making the
paraphrase active.
3. Change Verbs to Nouns
To shorten and change the original source you can change a noun into a
verb that has the same or similar meaning
4. Combine Sentences
Combining sentence by using conjunctions, relative clauses or appositives is
a great way to change the sentence structure of a source. (or sometimes
adding conjunction into a sentence is also a great way to change the order of
clauses)
5. Paraphrase by Using Definitions
Identify the keywords in the sentence and replace them with their definitions.
For example, replace “verdict” with “final judgment” which is what a verdict is.
Paraphrased from: http://www.eslwriting.org/learn-paraphrase-writing/