* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Spanish dialects and varieties wikipedia , lookup
Captaincy General of Puerto Rico wikipedia , lookup
Mexican Spanish wikipedia , lookup
Names given to the Spanish language wikipedia , lookup
Hispanophone wikipedia , lookup
Nombre y apellido ______ANSWERS______ la sra. Downey fecha: el _____ de _____________ español 9/10 A/B Complete the following Study Guide using the text D iscovering Languages: Spanish. 1. On what continent is Spain located? ______Europe______________________ 2. On what peninsula is Spain located? _____Iberian__________________________ 3. Spain shares this peninsula with ________Portugal____________________. 4. The _______________Pyrenees___________ mountains separate Spain from France. 5. There are __3___ bodies of water that surround Spain. They are: ____________Mediterranean Sea ________________Atlantic Ocean ________________Cantabrian Sea __________________________________________ 6. The capital of Spain is _____Madrid____________. The art museum here that holds the most famous paintings is called El ___Prado__________. 7. _____20___ countries around the world identify Spanish as their national language. 8. The Indo-European family of languages evolved into the _____Romance_____________ languages. ________Latin____________ is the mother language of that and the five languages descended from this are : ______________French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Romanian ______________________________________ 9. Spain owns two island chains. They are the ______Balearic______________________ islands in the ________Mediterranean Sea_______________ and the _______Canary______ islands in the _____________Atlantic Ocean______________. 10. Spain is about the size of the state of _________California____________________. 11. The _______Moors____________ occupied the country of Spain from the 700’s until 1482. They are known as __________Muslims______________________ nowadays. 12. King __________Fernando______ and Queen ____Isabella_________ united to fight for the _____Christian_______________ people of Spain and expel the __Moors_________. 13. This king and queen sponsored ____________Columbus_________________________ on his trip to the New World. 14. Colonization means: ________invading a land and taking over that area as a territory that has to live by your rules and give all profits back to the invader__________________ 15. Why is Spanish spoken in Central and South America? ____________Spain colonized almost all of South America______________________________ 16. Spanish is the ____4th___________ most spoken language in the world. 17. The largest population of Spanish-speakers in North America live in ______Mexico__________________. 18. The largest population of Spanish-speakers in South America live in _________Argentina__________________________. 19. Although the United States does not recognize any national language, the amount of Spanish-speakers living here classifies the US as the ____4th______ most Spanishspeaking country in the world. 20. The islands of _______________Cuba________________, ___________Puerto Rico__________ and _____________Dominican Republic___________ are the Hispanic Caribbean nations. 21. The country of _______________Puerto Rico________________ is actually a free associated state (or commonwealth) of the United States. 22. The three most famous Native civilizations that existed in the western hemisphere before the arrival of the Spaniards were the __________Aztec_________________________, _________Inca___________________ and the _______Maya___________________. 23. Castilian is ________the official language of Spain_______________________. 24. Catalán. Gallego, Andalusian and Vascuense are ________dialects_________________ that are similar to Castilian. 25. What makes Castilian different from the others? ___________c= th sound, unlike s sound in other countries_____________________________________. 26. There are ___28___ letters in the Spanish alphabet. 27. Spanish language varies across countries. Complete the chart. English orange Spain naranja Puerto Rico china English potato Spain patata Mexico papa 28. Typical mexican food items are ______tacos_______________, _________tamales__________, __________enchiladas________________ and ________burritos______________ because the region is rich in crops such as _______beans___________ and ________corn____________. 29. Fried green plantains are known as ____tostones______________________. 30. Meat-filled turnovers are called ___empanadas or empanadillas__________________. 31. The ________Andes___________________ mountain range runs the length of South America. A popular crop in these mountainous regions is __________potatoes______. 32. Spanish food is more dependent on crops such as ___rice____________, _________olives____________ and ______citrus_______________. The proteins tend to be __beef________ due to cattle ranching and ____seafood_______________ due to Spain’s extensive coastline. 33. Paella is a Spanish dish that varies by region but mostly contains ___rice________ , ___seafood__________________ and ______sausage___________________. 34. The tall skinny knight, _Don___ ________Quijote______________ travelled with his short, fat friend _____Sancho_______ ______Panza______ battle mythical giants. This novel was written by ______Miguel________ de ___Cervantes_____________ when he was captured and held for ransom for five years. 35. Famous Hispanic authors & poets are _______Octavio Paz__________________ , poet from Mexico; ___________Gabriel García Márquez_____ novelist from Colombia; ______Pablo Neruda________ poet from Chile; _______Carlos Fuentes____________ novelist from Mexico; ______Jorge Luis Borges__________ short story writer from Argentina; __________Gabriela Mistral____________________ poet from Chile. 36. The two most well-known Hispanic artists from the 20th century are from Spain. La Guérnica by ____Pablo Picasso___________________________ Persistence of Memory by _______Salvador Dalí___________________________ 37. Music in Hispanic countries has a rich tradition of slave rhythms, Native American folklore and Spanish beats. Complete the chart below. Mexican brass mariachi Caribbean ,mambo tango Speedy Spanish flamenco band Argentine close dancing dance with castanets Current Hispanic reggaetón hip-hop 38. The sport where the “matador” and his crew poke, hurt and sometimes kill the animal is called ____________bullfighting___________________________. 39. «La Tomatina» is a festival in August in an eastern town of Spain (Buñol) when people throw ___________tomatoes_________________________________. 40. «El Día de San Fermín» is a festival in northern Spain (Pamplona) where the men run through the streets with the _____bulls________________________.