Overgeneralization of Causatives and Transfer in L2
... so with manner-of-motion verbs in lexical causatives. The causative alternation, a more universal
alternation, would be less likely to motivate transfer than alternations that are more L1 specific, such
as English causative pairs with verbs of manner-of-motion.
These somehow contradictory results po ...
Phonological and Phonetic Aspects of the L2 Acquisition of French
... 2.3. L2 acquisition of stress
Some recurring themes that are relevant to the current study emerge in previous studies on the L2
acquisition of stress. The studies that we mention here all involve one of the three languages of the
present study (English, French or Spanish). Overall, L2 learners, rega ...
Varieties of Spanish - Language Resource Center
... consequence of this distinction’s being absent in the primary language. A good illustration is
provided by the vowel system in Peruvian interlanguage Spanish. Among speakers whom
Escobar (1978) classifies as ‘bilingües iniciales’ (as opposed to ‘bilingües avanzados’), the
three-way height contrast ( ...
Preverbal N-Words and Anti-Agreement Effects
... Still, the puzzle of the asymmetry between preverbal and postverbal N-words has not been solved yet.
We have only shifted the focus of the problem to the absence of the negative particle. However, the presence
of the negative NEG head in the verb amalgam in constructions with post verbal negative wo ...
Chaco Canyon Place Names
... CASA CHIQUITA - "smallhouse" in Spanish, so named because this ruin is
small in comparison with the major pueblos in Chaco Canyon. The
Spanish could be a translation of one of the Navajo names for this
pueblo, kin yazhi hooghan, "litle house home," though it is also
possible that the Spanish name pr ...
regulations for the degree of
... Faculty Board through the Head of the School of Modern Languages and Cultures
that they have attained elsewhere the required standard.
100% coursework. Coursework includes: i) progress tests, ii) other assignments, and
iii) an oral examination at the end of the semester and iv) participa ...
Usage of Imperfect and Imperfect Progressive Verb Forms in
... undefined duration rather than the explicit duration usually indicated by this form in Spanish (SilvaCorvalán 1983).
Floyd (1978) surveyed previous literature on verb usage in Southwest U.S. Spanish. Citing a
number of studies (Ayer 1971, Marrocco 1972, Phillips 1967, Sánchez 1972, Solé 1977), she
Slaves to Tyrants - Association for Spanish and Portuguese
... The paradoxical relationship between slavery and the emerging discourses of
human rights and universal freedoms during the putative Age of Revolutions has
been an important focus of research on the Atlantic World. Recently, historians
have turned their gaze to examining this relationship as it unfol ...
Code Switching in a Spanish-English Bilingual Child
... The head noun and the adjective in the utterances shown in (5) are in a different language. In the switch
shown in (5a) and (5b), the head noun is in English and the adjective which precedes it is in Spanish. In 5c,
the switch contains a Spanish head noun with a modifying adjective in English follow ...
exclusively reflexive verbs in spanish
... reflexive verb forms, has been widely studied in second and
foreign language acquisition. Some examples are the
experiments carried out by Brunh de Garavito (1999a, 1999b),
Montrul (2004), Trembaly (2004), Pineda & Mesa (2006), Santoro
(2011) or Olsen (2013) among many others. However, not that
Interpreting for Foreign Language Courses
... assumes that the students have already learned the German word for "dorm" and that it is not necessary
at present to focus on conjugation of the third person singular (wohnt).
(4) Fingerspell and sign the substituted words in a substitution drill - "Welche Farbe hat das Buch?
Welche Farbe hat das Pa ...
Spanish: A Language of Indigenous Peoples of
... Spanish rule and later under Mexican rule, Indigenous peoples such as the Pueblo
people of New Mexico and Arizona often spoke Spanish as their first or second
language. Bilingualism prevailed and Indigenous languages were still spoken
when the Americans acquired this region.
When the Americans acqui ...
How the Aztecs were Conquered
... Cortez Conquers the Aztecs
fighting, with most of
their warriors dead
starvation, or war
wounds, the Aztec
•Within two years'
time the Spanish had
destroyed the Aztec
SPANISH SUBTEST I
... languages are related because they have evolved from a common ancestral language; for example, French
and Spanish are classified as Romance languages because they can be traced back to a form of Latin used
in the Roman Empire. Sometimes, though, the shared ancestral language is not as easily identif ...
Using celebrities to help teach spanish
... contact time with students to aid their social and personal development. Activities will be
enjoyable but relevant to the curriculum and language learning. The level of target language in
annex - Bank of England
... Transactions and margin transfers in Spanish Debt Securities will be subject to the Spanish
Public Debt Market regulations. These regulations contain rules and operative procedures which
will prevail over the terms of the GMRA to the extent that they arise as a result of mandatory
provisions dictate ...
Building a Spanish Speller - DATSI
... The introduction of computers in text processing has shown the lack of some specialized tools such as spelling checker, grammar
checker, etc. This lack can be especially seen
in the free software environment and in the
Spanish context. For many years we have
been using the ispell built by Geoff Kuen ...
The Sanitizing of U.S. Spanish in Academia
... stronger as the Great Depression loomed. At the same time,
there existed U.S. citizens who were native speakers of
Spanish; these individuals would have been ideal candidates for training as language teachers. However, by reifying the Castilian variety, these potential teachers were
excluded as well ...
The Spanish Language
... Learn Spanish free online studying with interactive Spanish
lessons that really teach you to speak Spanish. Learning
Spanish on the internet can now be fun and easy! With Visual
Link™ Spanish software lessons, you will learn to speak
Spanish - Guaranteed. Study with the free online beginner's
Iowa City Community School District World Language Department
... not learn languages simply by sitting in the classroom over a period of time but rather by taking risks and getting involved
in all class activities on a daily basis.
A student’s class selection should be guided first by the current teacher’s recommendation. World Language teachers
work hard to make ...
... Paleozoic, and Mesozoic rocks are part of the
Hartville Uplift, which is a geologic structure
formed during the Laramide Orogeny more
than 70 to 40 million years ago.
Tools and weapons made from the Spanish
Diggings’ orthoquartzite have been found
across Wyoming, throughout the northwest
Plains, and ...
maria luisa cantos in moscú
... music. Since she settled herself on Swiss soil in 1972, she came to
realize how little the Iberian repertoire was known in the land of
Guillermo Tell thus she took it upon herself to fill that void. For the past
three decades she has totally and absolutely devoted her body and soul
to spread the Spa ...
Names given to the Spanish language
There are two names given in Spanish to the Spanish language: español (""Spanish"") and castellano (""Castilian""). Spanish speakers from different countries or backgrounds can show a preference for one term or the other, or use them indiscriminately, but political issues or common usage might lead speakers to prefer one term over the other. This article identifies the differences between those terms, the countries or backgrounds that show a preference for one or the other, and the implications the choice of words might have for a native Spanish speaker.Generally speaking, both terms can refer to the Spanish language as a whole, with a preference for one over the other that depends on the context or the speaker's origin. Castellano (as well as Castilian in English) has another, more restricted, meaning, relating either to the old Romance language spoken in the Kingdom of Castile in the Middle Ages, predecessor of the modern Spanish language, or to the variety of Spanish nowadays spoken in the historical region of Castile, in central Spain.