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Transcript
Science 10
Notes: Chemical Reactions – Writing and Balancing Equations
Terms to know:
Reactants, products, chemical reaction, law of conservation of mass,
Skeleton equation, word equation, symbolic equation, balanced equation
nitrogen monoxide gas + oxygen gas → nitrogen dioxide gas
Law of conservation of mass:
For chemical reactions, this means that the number of atoms in the reactants must equal:
How to balance a chemical reaction:
1.
Start with the skeleton equation. You may need to find the chemical formulas from the names of the
compounds.
Be aware of common names:
And
Diatomic molecules:
2.
Simple equations can be balanced by adding coefficients by trial and error / common sense
a. Balance compounds first
b. Add coefficients only. Do not change subscripts
c. If you add a coefficient to a compound, balance all of those atoms first before moving on
d. Make sure that all of the coefficients are whole numbers. You can double or triple all of the coefficients
if necessary
e. Polyatomic ions can be treated as a whole unit
Eg: H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) → HCl (aq)
CH4 + O2 → CO2 + H2O
3.
Balance the following:
FeBr3 + CaS → Fe2S3 + CaBr2
4.
Ca(NO3)2 + HCl → CaCl2 + HNO3
Complicated equations can be balanced by counting atoms:
Ex 12:
C3H7OH + O2 → CO2 +H2O
Eg. Plants convert carbon dioxide gas and water into glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen