Download 22. AQA P1 Doppler Effect and Red Shift Answers

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Astronomical spectroscopy wikipedia, lookup

Cosmic distance ladder wikipedia, lookup

Outer space wikipedia, lookup

Flatness problem wikipedia, lookup

Gravitational lens wikipedia, lookup

Big Bang nucleosynthesis wikipedia, lookup

Health threat from cosmic rays wikipedia, lookup

EXPOSE wikipedia, lookup

Weak gravitational lensing wikipedia, lookup

Redshift wikipedia, lookup

Big Bang wikipedia, lookup

Dark matter wikipedia, lookup

Cosmic microwave background wikipedia, lookup

Weakly-interacting massive particles wikipedia, lookup

Background radiation wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
The Doppler Effect and Red Shift!
1
!
!
!
Do not write
outside the
box
1
The visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum from a star or galaxy includes dark lines.
The lines are at specific wavelengths.
The diagram shows the position of the dark lines in the spectrum from the sun and two
galaxies.
Increasing wavelength
!
The sun
!!
!!
Far away galaxy
!!
!!
Near galaxy
!!
1 (a) (i) Explain how the spectra for the sun and the two galaxies give evidence of the Big Bang.
Violet
Red
[5 marks]
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!!
Lines for the two galaxies shift or have shifted towards red end of
spectrum (compared to the sun). [1]
Don’t talk in terms of red light and if you say red shift, you must
Wavelengths seem to increase. [1]
explain what that means.
Galaxies are moving away from the Earth. [1]
Far away galaxy is moving faster than near galaxy or near galaxy is moving away more
slowly than far away galaxy [1]
which suggests that they all originated at a single point [1].
1 (a) (ii) Cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) gives further evidence for the Big Bang
theory.
What is cosmic microwave background radiation?
[3 marks]
CMBR is a form of electromagnetic radiation. [1]
It (CMBR) fills the universe or is present in the whole of the universe. [1]
It comes from radiation that was there soon after the beginning of the universe or soon
after the Big Bang. [1]
!
End
!
(Total 8 marks)
my-­‐GCSEscience.com ESPQ|PHY1|DPRS