Download 22. AQA P1 Doppler Effect and Red Shift Answers

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The Doppler Effect and Red Shift!
Do not write
outside the
The visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum from a star or galaxy includes dark lines.
The lines are at specific wavelengths.
The diagram shows the position of the dark lines in the spectrum from the sun and two
Increasing wavelength
The sun
Far away galaxy
Near galaxy
1 (a) (i) Explain how the spectra for the sun and the two galaxies give evidence of the Big Bang.
[5 marks]
Lines for the two galaxies shift or have shifted towards red end of
spectrum (compared to the sun). [1]
Don’t talk in terms of red light and if you say red shift, you must
Wavelengths seem to increase. [1]
explain what that means.
Galaxies are moving away from the Earth. [1]
Far away galaxy is moving faster than near galaxy or near galaxy is moving away more
slowly than far away galaxy [1]
which suggests that they all originated at a single point [1].
1 (a) (ii) Cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) gives further evidence for the Big Bang
What is cosmic microwave background radiation?
[3 marks]
CMBR is a form of electromagnetic radiation. [1]
It (CMBR) fills the universe or is present in the whole of the universe. [1]
It comes from radiation that was there soon after the beginning of the universe or soon
after the Big Bang. [1]
(Total 8 marks)