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Transcript
WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE
MADE OF?
• SPACE:
-lots and lots of nothingness!!
• GAS AND DUST:
-produced by star explosions.
• STARS:
-made from gas and dust.
• PLANETS:
-ours are Mercury, Venus, Earth,
Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,
Neptune, Pluto. Planets beyond
our solar system have also been
found.
GALAXIES
• Clusters of billions of stars.
• How many are there?
• 3 types
Elliptical Galaxy
Irregular Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Spiral Arms
• Radiate outward from the nucleus
• Sun is located in an arm called the “Orion
Arm”
• Takes 200 million years for sun to make
one rotation around the galaxy
Light Year: distance, not time!
• The distance light travels in one year.
• Speed of light is 186,000 miles per second.
• 5,878,499,810,000 miles (5.87849981 x
1012 miles)
• It takes the sunlight 9 minutes to reach
Earth.
– (distance of 93 million miles)
Galaxy Clusters:
• A group of galaxies in
close proximity to
each other
• “Local Group” cluster
contains the Milky
Way and 30 other
galaxies