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Transcript
The stage of cellular respiration that produce 32
ATP molecules and occur in the cristae of the
mitochondria
9
8
7
6
The inner most space of the mitochondria
Only found in plant and animal cells
The 3 parts of a Nucleotide
What type of Speciation is this?
“The Bobo population became a different species
because they where force to live away from the
non-bobo population “
What is the name of the body system above?
ID: A
10
Molecules that interact with water
Barriers that allow only certain things to pass
12
11
Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________
Pre-Test: Super Vocab Quiz List 1-18
Completion
Complete each statement.
2
What are the three structural similarities that all
carbohydrates posses?
The name of our genetic material
3
Proteins that create new molecules
1
4
5
1
Where the dark reactions take place.
Name: ________________________
13
14
Living organism that recycle dead matter into
usuable forms for plants
The center of an atom that contains positively
charged particles and neutrons.
17
A dominant autosomal disease which causes
mental degredation and ultimately leads to
uncontrollable movements of the body.
15
18
Females Chromosomes
Cells that contain organelles
19
They form when two or more atoms transfer
electrons.
16
20
2
23
22
What is the name of the body system above?
A protein recipe (Instructions for making
proteins)
The two causes of Evolution.
ID: A
24
A carbohydrate that consist of a few hundred to a
few thousand single sugar molecules
21
25
Primitive Cells
In part 1 the chromosomes
________
In part 2 the chromosomes
________ ________
26
The percent of energy that is transferred from
one trophic level to the next.
Name: ________________________
27
The body’s transportation system.
The collection of all the genes in a population.
28
29
2n 2n + 2n
35
An atom that has an electrical charge as a result
of loosing or gaining electrons.
Two different genes Hh
The name of the structure above.
The cells that make up our Immune System and
produce antibodies
Reactants of Cellular Respiration
30
31
32
33
36
The type of genes a person has.
34
37
3
A autosomal recessive disease that causes people
to build thick mucus in the lungs due to the
absence of a protein that normally breaks-down
the mucus.
ID: A
38
2n n + n
A single sugar molecule
Shows the feeding relationships in an entire
ecosystem.
39
40
41
42
Shows the transfer of energy between producers
to consumers
Each step in a food chain or food web.
Molecules that signal the cell to start and stop
chemical reactions.
44
Diffusion that requires help from proteins
43
45
Name: ________________________
72
71
70
69
68
67
Helps determine genetic outcomes of possible
offspring
A giant molecule
mRNA -----> Protein
The building blocks of Nucleic Acids
Another name for a “chain of Amino Acids” (not
protein)
Living organisms that make their own food.
Makes energy for the cell
ID: A
73
Gene for brown eyes and Gene for blue eyes
The movement of water
74
Has 8 protons in its nucleus.
65
75
The chemical formula for Glucose?
Where ribosomes are made.
A two stage process that produces carbohydrates
for the cell
76
50
59
The body system that delivers nutrients to the
blood stream
Virus that weakens your immune system
Population reduction due to disasters
60
The stage of cellular respiration that produce 2
ATP and occur in the cytoplasm.
77
66
61
A chain like molecule
Occurs only during meiosis
A series of reactions that use Solar Energy, CO 2
and water to make carbohydrates.
Molecules used by our nerve cells to
communicate with neighboring nerve cells
62
The workers of the cell that make proteins
78
51
52
Advanced Cells
The name of the carbohydrate that consists of
Galactose bonded to Glucose.
The cells in your body that destroy pathogens
Protein capsule that contains DNA or RNA
The scientific name for a sugar
53
54
55
56
57
The building blocks of proteins.
63
Making more DNA
Nitrogenous bases only found in RNA.
47
Produces lipids for the cell
64
58
48
The ONLY three types of living things that exist?
Identify this molecule?
49
46
4
The only two types of haploid cells
Male chromosomes
The ability of an individual to survive and
reproduce.
Name: ________________________
79
80
81
83
A autosomal recessive disease that causes
patients to lack pigment in their eyes, skin, or
hair due to the absence a protein.
What type of Speciation is this?
“The Bobo Population becomes a different
species while living with the non Bobo Gorillas”
What is the name of the body system above?
84
The fancy name for producers
82
85
The study of living things and how they interact
with their environment
Sugar found only in RNA nucleotides
87
The fancy name for bacteria
86
88
5
ID: A
Name: ________________________
118
DNA coiled around protien
Example of a semi-permeable barrier
ID: A
119
The number of chromosomes in a human diploid
cells
Controls what enters and exits the cell
120
The “links” of a chain like molecule
116
121
Provides extra protection and support
Only occurs in the testes or ovaries
122
The green pigment that gives plants its color
101
123
The fancy word that means “Creation of new
species”
Another name for enzyme
124
Stores water and other necessary materials for the
cell.
89
125
Organelles that are like sugar making machines
Cell transport that requires energy.
126
Write out the entire cellular respiration reaction
117
127
Transports amino acids to ribosomes.
A place where living and non-living interact with
one another.
Small molecules in food needed by our cells to
stay aive.
128
The number of chromosomes in a human haploid
cells
102
103
Creates diploid cells
129
All living things are made from _________.
Two types of Facilitated Transport
104
130
90
The change of the population over time
Molecules that increase the pH of a liquid
Moves molecules down their concentration
gradient [High] to [Low]
Genes on autosomes
106
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape.
105
107
The fancy name for consumers.
The stage of photosynthesis that produce oxygen
and energy molecules
Cells that do not contain organelles
108
109
110
Write out the entire photosynthesis reaction
A three stage process that produces ATP for the
cell
111
112
The building blocks of membranes
Molecule that stores and transmits genetic
information.
113
114
Virus the kills white blood cells
Enzymes lower this type of energy.
The movement of molecules
92
93
Fancy word for children
The fancy name for animal and plant cells
94
95
Only one copy needed for physical effect to
appear
The fancy name for “Survival of the Fittest”
A copy of a gene
A autosomal recessive disease that result in the
accumulation of phenylalanine due to the absence
of a protein which ultimately leads to mental
retardation.
Identify this molecule
96
97
98
99
100
115
131
91
6
The name of the reaction that occurs in the
chloroplast.
Name: ________________________
132
The fancy name for nerve cell
A copy of a gene
133
134
makes RNA
Two different genes that have an equal effect
All the chemical reactions that occur in an
organism.
135
136
137
The name of the carbohydrate that consists of
Glucose bonded to Fructose
Pairs up with Guanine.
138
139
150
149
148
An enzyme that creates DNA
The molecules that keep the cell alive
Molecules that lower pH of a liquid
Our body’s communication system
Instructions for the ribosome
151
152
ID: A
The name of our body’s “checks and balance”
system.
Moves molecules up their concentration gradient
[Low] to [High]
154
Identify this molecule?
153
155
Name: ________________________
165
164
163
162
Genes on the X chromosomes
The three types of carbohydrates
Virus parts that allow the virus to latch on to the
cell.
Living organisms that eat to acquire energy.
Absorbs the sunlight.
161
166
167
A process that makes new molecules.
The body system reponsible for destroying
pathogens inside your body.
140
141
A molecule that is like a “recipe book”
Composed of glycerol and fatty acids
168
156
The body system that distributes O2 and CO2 all
throughout the body.
A carbohydrate that consists of two sugar
molecules
157
A chain of glucose molecules
Responsible for receiving, packaging, and
shipping materials through out the cell
Our genetic material.
158
2n
169
144
Chromosomes that determine the sex
159
The number of autosomes in all human cells
Creates haploid cells
145
Fancy name for sperm or egg.
160
142
146
What type of carbohydrate is starch?
Weak bonds formed between polar molecules
147
143
7
8
171
170
The two types of Nucleic Acids
Two types of Five Carbon Sugars
What is the name of the body system above?
ID: A
172
173
211
The study of life.
ID: A
Another name for diploid cell
Name: ________________________
195
ID: A
Used to build DNA and RNA
Name: ________________________
174
The fancy name for proteins that speed up
chemical reactions
Our body’s defense system.
212
213
Two identical genes
Can cause new species to form
Molecules needed by the ribosome to do its job
214
A chain of amino acids
196
197
The inner membrane folds of the mitochondria
215
Genes on the Y chromosomes
The fancy name for germs (bacteria and viruses)
198
The body systerm that is composed of glands that
produce hormones.
216
176
199
Enzymes the make Nucleic Acids
208
207
206
205
204
203
Small compartments inside plant and animal cells
that isolate chemical reactions.
The protein factory of the cell
Nitrogenous bases only found in DNA.
Molecules that are created in a chemical reaction
Molecules that do not interact with water
Molecules that store and release energy for
cellular activities
Cell transport that does not require energy.
226
225
224
223
222
221
220
219
218
Pairs up with Thymine or Uracil
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
A series of reactions that breakdown glucose to
form 36 ATP molecules
Sugar found only DNA nucleotides.
The building blocks of protein
What a person looks like.
Cells that kill things that get you sick
The stage of photosynthesis that used CO2
molecules to form carbohydrate molecules for the
plant
Genes on the X or Y chromosome.
HH
Proteins that speeds up chemical reactions
200
Molecules used by enzymes to do their job
178
Gene -----> mRNA
177
179
209
The site of Photosynthesis
The building blocks of animals and plants.
210
202
Two causes of Genetic Drift
What is the name of the body system above?
217
187
Makes sugars for the cell
The body system that breakdown food into small
molecules that our body needs.
188
Basic unit of matter
201
189
Reactants of Photosynthesis
A group of atoms
The name of the reaction that occurs in the
mitochondria
190
The system that collects and delivers oxygen gas
to our blood stream.
180
183
The molecular formula for glucose
191
A protein recipe
The inside of the cell
184
Has 6 protons in its nucleus
192
Chromosomes that do not determine the sex
181
185
The body system that collects and disposes of
carbon dioxide
193
Makes proteins for the cell.
186
194
The number of protons inside the atomic nucleus
which determines the chemical properties of the
atom.
182
Molecules that are broken up in a chemical
reaction.
10
175
9
A autosomal recessive disease in which lipids
accumulate in brain due to the absence of a
protein that normally break-down the lipids.
Name: ________________________
227
228
240
n
Another name for a Fertilized Egg (sperm in egg
cell)
ID: A
241
233
232
231
230
Cells in your body that transport O2 and CO2
The two ways our body makes new cells
Double stranded molecule that contains
deoxyribose sugars
Y shaped proteins used to label pathogens for
destruction.
Responsible for recycling materials and breaking
down waste.
245
244
243
Three consecutive nucleotides on a tRNA
molecule
Pairs up with Cytosine
The random change of a population over time.
Two copies needed for physical effect to appear
234
Fancy way of saying “the protein lost its shape”
246
229
235
Three consecutive nucleotides on a mRNA
molecule
242
236
The stage of cellular respiration that produce 2
ATP and occur in the matrix of the mitochondria
Where the light reactions take place.
248
247
Colonization of a new habitat by a few
individuals.
Small protein capsule that contains DNA or RNA
Single stranded molecule that contains ribose
sugars.
Proteins used by our defense system to label
pathogens for destruction.
238
239
249
237
11
What is the name of the body system above?
Name: ________________________
250
12
ID: A
Pre-Test: Super Vocab Quiz List 1-18
Answer Section
COMPLETION
1
ANS:
ANS: DNA
Electron Transport Chain
2
ANS:
1. Contain only Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
2. Ring Structure
3. 1:2:1 Ratio of CHO
3
4
5
6
ANS:
ANS: Enzymes
ANS: Energy Pyramid
ANS: Digestive System
Allopatric Speciation
7
ANS:
ANS:
ANS: Organelles
ANS: Matrix
ANS: Semi-Permeable
ANS: Hydrophilic
ANS: Meiosis
ANS: Stroma
Nucleus
Phosphate Group
5 Carbon Sugar
Nitrogenous Base
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1
ID: A
16
17
18
ANS:
19
ANS:
ANS: Eukaryotic Cells
ANS: Decomposers
ANS: Huntington Disease
ANS: XX
Ionic Bonds
20
ANS:
segregate
assort independently
ANS: Natural Selection, Genetic Drift
ANS: Gene
ANS: Respiratory System
ANS: Polysaccharide
ANS: Prokaryotic Cells
ANS: 10%
ANS: Circulatory System
ANS: Gene Pool
ANS: Mitosis
ANS: Glucose + O2
ANS: White Blood Cells
ANS: Lipid Bilayer
Karyotype
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
2
ID: A
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
ANS: heterozygous
ANS: Ion
ANS: genotype
ANS: Cystic Fibrosis
ANS: Meiosis
ANS: Food Web
ANS: Monosaccharide
ANS: Food Chain
ANS: Hormones
ANS: Trophic Level
ANS: Facilitated Transport
ANS: Fructose
ANS: Amino Acids
ANS: Smooth ER
ANS: Animals, Plants, and Bacteria
ANS: Nucleolus
ANS: Photosynthesis
ANS: Neurotransmitter
ANS: Eukaryotic Cells
ANS: Carbohydrate
Virus
ANS:
3
ID: A
ANS:
56
ANS:
ANS: White Blood Cells
Lactose
57
ANS:
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Uracil
ANS: Photosynthesis
ANS: Digestive System
ANS: Glycolysis
ANS: Polymer
ANS: Ribosomes
ANS: DNA Replication
ANS: Osmosis
ANS: Bottleneck Effect
ANS: Mitochondria
ANS: Producers
ANS: Polypeptide Chain
ANS: Nucleotide
ANS: Translation
Macromolecule
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
4
ID: A
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
ANS: Punnett Square
ANS: alleles
ANS: Oxygen, O
ANS: C6H12O6
ANS: HIV
ANS: Crossing-Over
ANS: Fitness
ANS: XY
ANS: sperm and egg cells
ANS: Immune System
ANS: Sympatric Speciation
ANS: Albinism
ANS: Autotroph
ANS: Ribose
ANS: Ecology
ANS: Prokaryotic Cells
ANS: Catalyst
ANS: Passive and Active Transport
ANS: Diffusion
ANS: Evolution
Bases
ANS:
5
ID: A
94
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
ANS: offspring
ANS: Eukaryotic Cells
ANS: dominant genes
ANS: Glucose
ANS: PKU
ANS: mRNA
ANS: Natural Selection
ANS: Meiosis
ANS: Ecosystem
ANS: Nutrients
ANS: Mitosis
ANS: Autosomal Genes
ANS: Passive Transport
ANS: Homologous Chromosomes
ANS: Heterotrophs
ANS: Prokaryotic Cells
Light Reactions
ANS:
110
ANS:
ANS:
ANS: Cellular Respiration
ANS: Phospholipid
Nucleic Acid
Sun + H2O + CO2 --> Glucose + O2
111
112
113
114
6
ID: A
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
ANS:
Glucose + O2 --> ATP + H2O + CO2
ANS: HIV
ANS: Cell Membrane
ANS: Active Transport
ANS: Cell Membrane
ANS: Chromosome
ANS: 46
ANS: Monomers
ANS: Cell Wall
ANS: Chlorophyll
ANS: Speciation
ANS: Vacuole
Chloroplasts
126
ANS:
ANS:
ANS: tRNA
ANS: 23
ANS: Cells
ANS: Activation Energy
ANS: Photosynthesis
ANS: Neuron
ANS: mRNA
RNA Polymerase
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
7
ID: A
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
ANS: Metabolism
ANS: Codominant Genes
ANS: Sucrose
ANS: Cytosine
ANS: Chemical Reaction
ANS: Disaccharide
ANS: Meiosis
ANS: Hydrogen Bonds
ANS: DNA
ANS: Sex Chromosomes
ANS: Gamete
ANS: Polysaccharide
ANS: Nervous System
ANS: Acids
ANS: Proteins
ANS: DNA Polymerase
ANS: mRNA
ANS: Active Transport
ANS: Feed Back Loops
ANS: Galactose
Lipids
ANS:
8
ID: A
157
158
159
160
161
162
ANS:
163
ANS:
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
ANS: Circulatory System
ANS: Starch
ANS: Diploid Cell
ANS: 44
ANS: Food Chain
ANS: Chlorophyll
ANS: Consumers
Anchor Proteins
164
ANS:
ANS: X-linked genes
ANS: Immune system
ANS: DNA
ANS: Golgi
ANS: Circulatory System
ANS: Ribose, Deoxyribose
ANS: DNA and RNA
ANS: Food Web
ANS: Nucleotides
ANS: Reactants
ANS: Pathogens
Substrates
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
9
ID: A
178
179
180
182
ANS:
ANS:
181
183
ANS:
Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6
ANS: Enzymes
ANS: Transcription
ANS: Molecule
ANS: Cytoplasm
Ribosome
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
ANS:
ANS:
194
195
ANS: Carbon, C
ANS: Respiratory System
ANS: Nervous System
ANS: Chloroplast
ANS: Atom
ANS: Sunlight + CO2 + H2O
ANS: Respiratory System
ANS: Gene
ANS: Autosomes
ANS: Atomic number
Somatic Cell
196
1. Geographic Isolation
2. Reproductive Isolation
Amino Acids, tRNA, mRNA
ANS:
197
10
ID: A
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
ANS:
ANS: Cristae
ANS: Endocrine System
ANS: Polymerase
ANS: Digestive System
ANS: Eukaryotic Cells
ANS: Passive Transport
ANS: ATP
ANS: Hydrophobic
Products
206
ANS:
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
ANS: Rough ER
ANS: Organelles
ANS: Chloroplast
ANS: Biology
ANS: Enzymes
ANS: Immune System
homozygous
ANS:
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
11
ID: A
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
ANS: Protein
ANS: Y-linked Genes
ANS: Bottleneck Effect and Founder Effect
ANS: Sex Linked Genes
ANS: Dark Reactions
ANS: White Blood Cells
ANS: phenotype
ANS: Amino Acids
ANS: Deoxyribose
ANS: Cellular Respiration
ANS: Heredity
ANS: Adenine
ANS: Tay-Sachs
ANS: Deoxyribose
ANS: recessive genes
ANS: Lysosomes
ANS: Antibodies
ANS: DNA
ANS: Mitosis or Meiosis
ANS: Red Blood Cells
Denaturation
ANS:
12
ID: A
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
ANS: codon
ANS: Antibodies
ANS: Founder Effect
ANS: Virus
ANS: Zygote
ANS: Haploid Cell
ANS: Biomass Pyramid
ANS: Ribose
ANS: Genetic Drift
ANS: Guanine
ANS: anticodon
ANS: Thylakoid Membrane
ANS: Krebs Cycle
ANS: RNA
Endocrine System
ANS:
13
ID: A