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Final Exam Review. We will review Ecology in class.
Ch 15- 18
1. When a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is…
2. Charles Darwin called the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in
its specific environment…
3. In humans, the pelvis and femur, or thigh bone, are involved in walking. In
whales, the pelvis and femur are…
4. Darwin’s theory of evolution is based on the idea(s) of heritable variation
5. All the genes of all members of a particular population make up the
6. In a population, the sum of the relative frequencies of all alleles for a
particular trait is…
7. A change in a sequence of DNA is called a…
8. The two main sources of genetic variation are…
9. In genetic drift, allele frequencies change because of…
10. Genetic drift tends to occur in populations that…
12. The situation in which allele frequencies of a population remain constant is
13. The separation of populations by barriers such as rivers, mountains, or
bodies of water is called…
14. To be useful as an index fossil, a species must have existed for a…
16. The endosymbiotic theory proposes that eukaryotic cells arose from…
17. The first organisms on Earth were most like …
18. A pattern in which species experience long, stable periods interrupted by
brief periods of rapid evolutionary change is called…
19. Scientists assign each kind of organism a universally accepted name in the
system known as…
20. The second part of a scientific name is unique to each…
21. A genus is composed of a number of related…
22. The most general and largest category in Linnaeus’s system is…
23. An analysis of derived characters is used to generate a…
24. Which kingdom contains heterotrophs with cell walls of chitin?
25. The domain that corresponds to the kingdom Eubacteria is…
26. The two domains composed of only unicellular organisms are…
Genetics (Chapters 11 & 14)
1. Be able to identify or explain:
a. Dominant
b. Recessive
c. True-breeding
d. Genotype/ genenotypic ratio
e. Phenotype/ phenotypic ratio
g. F2
2. Why are males affected by sex-linked traits more often than females?
3. How many alleles of each gene can a diploid organism have?
4. Be able to complete/ interpret the following crosses/ Punnett Squares:
a. Dihybrid cross
b. Sex-linked traits
c. Incomplete dominance
d. Codominance