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Transcript
Writing Formulas
Binary compounds consist of two elements that may be ionic or covalent. The general
rule is to put the least electronegative element first, the more electronegative element
second and balance the charges to zero.
Writing Ionic Formulas
When writing the chemical formula for ionic compounds put the cation first followed by the anion and use
subscripts to indicate the number of each ion present.
 Remember the algebraic sum of the ions' oxidation numbers must equal zero. (Balance)
 Learn the polyatomic ions.
 Learn those ions with multiple oxidation numbers and use Roman numerals to indicate the charge.
Example:
lithium chloride
(Li+) + (Cl-)
(+1) + (-1) = 0
 LiCl
iron(II) sulfate
(Fe2+) + (SO42-)
(+2) + (-2) = 0
 FeSO4
calcium fluoride
(Ca2+) + (F-)
(Ca2+) + 2 (F-)
(+2) + (-1) ≠ 0
(+2) + 2 (-1) = 0
 CaF2
Writing Molecular Formulas
When writing the chemical formulas for molecular compounds put the least electronegative element first followed
by the more electronegative element and use subscripts to indicate the number of each atom present.
 Learn the Greek and Latin numeric prefixes.
 Mono is usually dropped except in carbon monoxide.
 Some compounds have common names.
Example:
hydrogen chloride
(1H) (1Cl)
 HCl
dinitrogen tetroxide
(2N) (4O)
 N2O4
carbon dioxide
(1C) (2O)
 CO2
“Don't ask for things to get better, ask that YOU get better.” -- Jim Rohn
Copyright  2009 by Darrell Causey, Jr. All Rights Reserved