Download Math 155. Reading 3. Preview to Section 1.11: The Heart. Section

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Math 155. Reading 3. Preview to Section 1.11: The Heart.
The beating of the heart is regulated by electrical signals. In Section 1.11, we develop a DTDS
that helps us to understand healthy heart as well as hearts with irregular beats.
Section 42.2 “Coordinated Cycles of Heart Contraction” of the Life 102/103 text Biology 1
gives more biological background. From the text: “In vertebrates, the heartbeat originates
in the heart itself. Some cardiac muscle cells are autorhythmic, meaning that they contract
and retract repeatedly, without any signal from the nervous system. You can even see these
rythmic contractions in tissue that has been removed from the heart and placed in a dish in
the laboratory! are [these] contractions coordinated in the intact heart? The answer
lies in a group of autorhythmic cells...called the sinoatrial (SA) node.”
(1) The SA node is an impulse-generating tissue that fires off electric impulses at regular
intervals to the AV node.
(2) The AV node is like a battery whose charge changes in two ways
• by natural decay (decrease in voltage)
• by accepting a signal from the SA node (increase in voltage)
(3) The heart beats whenever the AV node accepts a signal from the SA node.
In Section 1.11, we develop a DTDS for a beating heart and use it to gain some
understanding into how a heart may beat irregularly.
N. A. Campbell, J. B. Reece, et. al. Biology, Pearson, 2008.