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Lesson 4.2 The Heart at Work – Key Terms
Blood Pressure
Diastolic Pressure
Heart Rate
A specialized mass of conducting cells located at the
atrioventricular junction in the heart.
Pressure exerted by the blood upon the walls of the blood
vessels, especially arteries, usually measured by means of
a sphygmomanometer and expressed in millimeters of
The study of the heart and its action and diseases.
The stage of the heart cycle in which the heart muscle is
relaxed, allowing the chambers to fill with blood.
Blood pressure that remains between heart contractions.
A measurement of heart electrical activity.
A measure of cardiac activity usually expressed as the
number of beats per minute.
An abnormally high blood pressure.
An electrical device for stimulating or steadying the
heartbeat or reestablishing the rhythm of an arrested heart.
The rhythmic expansion and recoil of arteries resulting from
heart contraction; can be felt from the outside of the body.
Sinoatrial Node
A small mass of tissue that is made up of Purkinje fibers,
ganglion cells, and nerve fibers, that is embedded in the
musculature of the right atrium, and that originates the
impulses stimulating the heartbeat -- called also S-A node,
sinus node.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring blood pressure and especially
arterial blood pressure.
The stage of the heart cycle in which the heart muscle
contracts and the chambers pump blood.
Systolic Pressure
The pressure generated by the left ventricle during systole.
© 2013 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Principles of Biomedical Science Lesson 4.2 The Heart at Work – Key Terms – Page 1