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Transcript
Update:
Computer Crimes
Florida Crime Prevention Practitioner Update
Technology Today
Topics
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Size of the Problem
Cyberstalking
Nigerian Letter Scam
Phishing
Identity Theft
Fraud
Malware/Spyware
Social Networking Sites
Child Pornography/Online Predators
Size of the Problem
FCPP Update
Complaints Received Via IC3
Top National IC3 Complaints
Contact Method
Top Ten States by Victims
Florida Referred Complaints
Age of Victims in Florida
Under 20 ,
2.60%
Over 60 ,
21.40%
20-29 ,
14.40%
30-39 ,
17.80%
50-59 ,
21.70%
40-49 ,
22.10%
Amount Lost by Fraud Type for
FLORIDA
Complaint Type
Median $
Loss per
Complaint
Relationship Fraud
Overpayment Fraud
$ 3060
$ 2526
Spam
Advance Fee Fraud
Identity Theft
Computer Fraud
$ 1507
$ 1316
$ 1000
$ 1000
Amount Lost for FLORIDA
Demographic Type
Median $
Loss
Under 20
20 - 29
30 - 39
40 - 49
50-59
60 and Older
$ 380
$ 685
$ 688
$ 800
$ 700
$ 900
Latest Computer Fraud
Trends
Latest Trends
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Mystery Shopper
New Counterfeit Check Schemes
Disaster Fraud
Rental and Real Estate Scams
Telephone Denial of Service Attacks
Stranded or Jailed Scams
(Grandchildren)
● Sweepstakes or Lottery Notifications
● Telephone Collection Scams
Internet Hoaxes
FCPP Update
Internet Hoaxes
What is it?
● Deliberate or unintentional e-mail messages
warning people about a phony virus or other
malicious software program.
Internet Hoaxes
Prevention Resources
(www.snopes.com)
The online reference for Internet hoax
information.
Urban Legends at
(www.about.com) Well respected
information encyclopedias.
Types of Computer Crimes
FCPP Update
Cyberstalking
FCPP Update
Cyberstalking
What is it?
Florida Statute 784.048: "engaging in a course of
conduct to communicate, or to cause to be
communicated, words, images, or language by
or through the use of electronic mail or
electronic communication, directed at a
specific person, causing substantial emotional
distress to that person and serving no legitimate
purpose.
Cyberstalking
Electronic Mail or Communications
● E-mail
● Instant Messaging
● Chat rooms
Cyberstalking
Latest Trends?
● Text messaging
● Images
● Camera phones
Cyberstalking
Prevention Resources
(2) Any person who willfully, maliciously, and
repeatedly… cyberstalks another person
commits the offense of stalking, a
misdemeanor of the first degree,
(3) Any person who willfully, maliciously, and
repeatedly… cyberstalks another person, and
makes a credible threat with the intent to place
that person in reasonable fear of death or bodily
injury of the person, or the person's child,
sibling, spouse, parent, or dependent, commits
the offense of aggravated stalking, a felony of
the third degree,
Child Pornography
Sexting
Cyberstalking
Prevention Resources
FDLE Florida Computer Crime Center:
www.fdle.state.fl.us/Fc3/cyberstalking
Nigerian Letter Scam
FCPP Update
Nigerian Letter Scam
What is it?
● Also known as "419" fraud.
● Combines the threat of impersonation
fraud with a variation of an advance fee
scheme.
● Letter or e-mail from Nigeria offers the
recipient the "opportunity" to share in a
percentage of millions of dollars.
● Author, a self-proclaimed government
official, is trying to transfer illegally out of
Nigeria.
Nigerian Letter Scam
Latest Trends?
● Recent Nigerian Variants
● Beneficiary of a Will
● Bogus Cashiers Checks
● Donation Solicitations
● American Soldier in Afghanistan or Iraq
Nigerian Letter Scam
Prevention Resources
● Forward letter to the U.S. Secret Service as
they are spearheading the effort against
these scams.
● Consumers or businesses that claim to have
lost money in a Nigerian scam should call
their local Secret Service office
● More information at FDLE website:
http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/Fc3/nigerian.html
Phishing
FCPP Update
Phishing
What is it?
● ‘Spoofed' e-mail
● return addresses, links, and branding
appears to come from legitimate businesses
● Banks, insurance agencies, retailers, credit card
companies
● Fraudulent messages trick the recipients
into disclosing personal information
● account usernames, passwords, credit card
numbers, social security numbers, home
addresses
● E-mails look "official“ causing some
recipients to respond to them.
Phishing
Latest Trends?
● Smaller financial institutions, such as
community banks and credit unions.
● Increase in the number of variants of
keyloggers, decrease of password
stealing malicious code URLs.
● New level of sophistication.
● Vishing (Phone phishing/spoofing)
Phishing
Prevention Resources
● Anti-Phishing Working Group
● www.antiphishing.org
● FDLE Florida Computer Crime Center
● www.fdle.state.fl.us/Fc3/phishing.html
● Federal Trade Commission
● www.ftc.gov (free pamphlets)
Identity Theft
FCPP Update
Identity Theft
What is it?
● Impersonation fraud. Personal ID info used to
perform a fraud or criminal act.
● Illegal acquisition of personal information such
as name, social security number, driver's
license, or bank/credit account numbers in
order to engage in unlawful acts.
● Third degree felony s. 817.568,F.S.
Identity Theft
Prevention Resources
● Attorney General and FDLE have a website
● Designed to serve as the State of Florida's
official portal for identity theft information
● www.myfloridalegal.com/identitytheft
● National ID Theft portal
● www.consumer.gov/idtheft
● Free pamphlets
Fraud
FCPP Update
Fraud
What is it?
● The crime of obtaining money by deceiving
people.
● Advance fee fraud
● Goods never delivered
● Fake checks
● Lotteries
● Online auction fraud
Fraud
E-Bay and Craigslist
Fraud
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On-line Auctions
Non-delivery of goods
Bid fraud
Account Hacking
Misrepresentation
Pirated goods
Shell auctions
Internet fencing
Fraud
Latest Trends?
● The average Florida loss to Internet fraud:
$575.
● Most Nigerian money offers, fake check scams,
lottery scams, and phishing attempts were
initiated by email.
Fraud
Latest Trends?
● Top Internet frauds victimizing people age 60+:
lotteries, phishing, information/adult services,
and Nigerian money offers.
● A growing number of foreign crooks are
scamming U.S. consumers via the Internet.
● Wiring money has become the most common
method of payment in Internet fraud.
Fraud
Prevention Resources
● www.IC3.gov
● www.FraudBureau.com
● www.Fraud.org
Spyware and Malware
FCPP Update
Spyware
What is it?
● Computer technology
● Gathers information about a person or
organization
● Without their knowledge or consent
● Put on a computer secretly
● Collects information about the user
● Then sent to advertisers and other interested
parties
● Can be installed on a computer by:
● Software virus
● Result of adding a new program
Malware
What is it?
● Software used as a tool by hackers to remotely
access computers as well as corrupt or destroy
important data.
–Virus
–Trojan
–Worm
–Adware
–Hijackers
–Dialers
Spyware and Malware
Latest Trends?
● Virus infections DOWN
● Due to anti-virus programs?
● Malware UP!
● Keyloggers
● That’s where the money is!
● Some spyware programs actively fight
against and attempt to disable antispyware software
Malware
Latest Trends?
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IM-Worms
Botnets and zombie machines up
Decline in successful email worms
Malicious code targeting mobile phones
Social engineering
Spyware
Prevention Resources
● Currently, complaints about spyware in the US
are handled only by the FTC.
● Anti-spyware software:
● Spybot Search and Destroy
● AdAware
● Spy Sweeper
● Norton Internet Security Suite
● McAffee, Trend Micro, Computer Associates
Malware
Prevention Resources
● Internet security programs:
● www. Symantec.com
● www.Macafee.com
● www.microsoft.com
Social Networking Sites
Social Networking Sites
Social Photo Sites
Resources
● On Guard On Line
● Finding Teresa
● Office of Attorney General
● Cyber Safety Program
● Get Net Wise
Child Pornography
FCPP Update
Child Pornography
What is it?
● Florida Statute 847.001(3) defines child
pornography as "any image depicting a minor
engaged in sexual conduct."
Child Pornography
Many websites appear to contain child
pornography, but in reality contain "Child
Erotica"(i.e. children photographed nude or
partially nude posed in a manner that does not
meet the criteria for sexual conduct. Child
Erotica is not illegal.
Child Pornography
Prevention Resources
● Safety tips for children/parents on websites
● SecureFlorida.org
● Getnetwise.org
● Missing Children Information Clearinghouse
● National Center for Missing and Exploited
Children
On-line Predators
FCPP Update
On-line Predators
Pornography is tool of the offender
● Arouse the child
● Lower child’s inhibitions
● Demonstrate to child what they want them to do
● Communicate that a particular sex act is okay
and normal for children
On-line Predators
Latest Trends?
● Web cams
● More local agencies working offenders
● Increased risks to children/teens in:
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Chat
Instant messaging
Websites
Newsgroups
Social Networking sites
● MySpace
● Face Book
On-line Predators
Dateline NBC
To Catch a Predator
Contact Information: