Download Persian Wars - Mr McEntarfer`s Social Studies Page

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Thebes, Greece wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Athenian democracy wikipedia, lookup

Epikleros wikipedia, lookup

Athens wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek literature wikipedia, lookup

Second Persian invasion of Greece wikipedia, lookup

Theorica wikipedia, lookup

Corinthian War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of the Eurymedon wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Aim: How can we sequence (put in order) the
events of the Persian Wars in Greece?
Do Now: Read Setting the Scene on page 110 and answer the
following questions in your notes.
1.
What did Darius of Persia want from the Greeks?
2.
Why were most Greek city-states quick to comply with Darius’s
messengers?
3.
What did the Greeks do that they did not normally do when
threatened by the Persians?
Persia
What advantages
did Persia have?
Greece
Homework: Handout and Reading – The
Golden Age of Greece
Mr. McEntarfer * HSLPS * Global History I
Instructional Objectives
• We will be able to:
– Sequence (put in order the events of the Persian
Wars.
– Identify the causes and effects of the Persian Wars.
– Describe how the Athenian’s good fortune would
eventually lead to their downfall.
Agenda:
•Do Now Questions
•Instructional Objectives
•Discuss map
•Reading and Sequencing
•Summary Questions
What are the causes of war?
Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE
How were Darius’s invasion (purple line)
and Xerxes invasion (Green lines) of
Greece different?
Activity – As you read pages 110 – 114 place the
following events in the proper order (1-10)
• Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon.
• Athens experiences a Golden Age under Pericles in which their economy
and democratic government thrived. Athens begins to dominate other Greek
city-states
• Athens sends ships to aid Ionians in rebellion against Persia
• Athenians defeat Persian navy at Salamis.
• United Greek victory marked an end to Persian Invasions
• Athens forms an Alliance called the Delian League to continue the struggle
against Persia.
• King Xerxes of Persia sends a second army that defeats Greeks including
300 Spartans at the costly Battle of Thermopylae. The Persians go on to
burn Athens.
• Many Greeks resent Athens power.
• Darius of Persia sends a large army to punish Athens for aiding Ionian
Rebellion.
• The Peloponnesian War erupts between Athens and Sparta
Correct Order
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Athens sends ships to aid Ionians in rebellion against Persia
Darius of Persia sends a large army to punish Athens for aiding rebellion.
Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon.
King Xerxes of Persia sends a second army that defeats Greeks
including 300 Spartans at the costly Battle of Thermopylae. The Persians
go on to burn Athens.
Athenians defeat Persian navy at Salamis.
United Greek victory marked an end to Persian Invasions
Athens forms an Alliance called the Delian League to continue the
struggle against Persia.
Athens experiences a Golden Age under Pericles in which their economy
and democratic government thrived. Athens begins to dominate other
Greek city-states.
Many Greeks resent Athens power.
The Peloponnesian War erupts between Athens and Sparta.
Who do you think won the
Peloponnesian War?
Summary Questions
1.
What caused the Persian Wars?
2. How did winning the Persian Wars affect
Greece, particularly Athens?
3. If you ruled the city-state of Athens after
the Persian Wars what would you have done
differently to avoid it’s later downfall?
Answers
1.
What caused the Persian Wars? The Persians invaded because they
were angry with the Athenians for helping a revolt in Ionia. They also
may have want to control Greek trade.
2.
How did winning the Persian Wars affect Greece, particularly
Athens? The Greek victory led to a golden age in Athens in which
the economy, the arts and democracy thrived. Athens also formed
the Delian League, an alliance dominated by Athens to protect against
future Persian attacks. The other Greek city-states began to resent
Athens power which led to the Peloponnesian War between The
Delian League and The Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Athens
would be defeated.
3.
If you ruled the city-state of Athens after the Persian Wars
what would you have done differently to avoid it’s later downfall?
Athens became too full of itself and was resented by the rest of
Greece. Athens could have shared their prosperity and treated their
former allies with respect. Instead they choose to dominate and tax
them for their own gain, not the total glory of Greece. This abuse
and resentment caused other city-states to turn to Athens rival
Sparta for support which would inevitable lead to the Peloponnesian
War and the defeat of Athens.
Long Term Effects
• The Peloponnesian War lasted 27 years
and severely weakened the Greek citystates. To the north in Macedonia an
ambitious leader named Philip took
notice and took over Greece. He would
die soon after and his son Alexander
would unite the Greek city-states,
create the world’s largest empire and
spread Greek culture around the World.
Was the Peloponnesian
War a blessing or a
curse?
Positives and Negatives of
Peloponnesian War
• Negatives:
– Athenian democracy
ended.
– Athenian Golden Age
ended
– It weakened Greece
and opened it up to
Invasion by
Macedonia
• Positives
– Macedonia united the
Greek city-states
– Greek culture spreads
across the known
world as a result of the
conquests of the
Macedonian
Alexander the Great.