Download Greco-Persian Wars

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Pontic Greeks wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek literature wikipedia, lookup

List of oracular statements from Delphi wikipedia, lookup

300 (film) wikipedia, lookup

Corinthian War wikipedia, lookup

Peloponnesian War wikipedia, lookup

Ionian Revolt wikipedia, lookup

First Peloponnesian War wikipedia, lookup

Second Persian invasion of Greece wikipedia, lookup

Battle of the Eurymedon wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Greco-Persian Wars
Persian Empire


Cyrus the Great – 550BC
United collection of people from
Indus R to Aegean Sea, Egypt to
Black Sea

Advancements:
◦ Royal Road
◦ Postal Service
◦ Uniformity and Autonomy

Focus on trade – push to Greece
Ionian Revolt


Resentment over tyrants
and taxes builds
Miletus overthrows
rulers (499)
◦ Appeal to Greece
 Only Athens helps
◦ Destroy local capital Sardis

Persians recapture Ionia
and sack Miletus (494)
◦ King Darius I wants
revenge on Athens
First Persian Invasion (490)

Darius sends a force to destroy Athens

Battle of Marathon
◦ Athens outnumbered
◦ Pheidippides’ Run
◦ Heroic Greek Victory
 Hoplite Discipline
 Power of Athens
 Sense of Nationalism
Interbellum (490-480)

Persia looks to rebuild
◦ Put down internal revolts
◦ King Xerxes build massive army

Greeks worry about future attacks
◦ Themistocles builds navy (triremes)
◦ Congress of Corinth
 Attempt to create a united Greece
 Sparta and Athens to lead
 Many refuse to join
Second Persian Invasion

Persia marches on Greece
◦ Many cities destroyed or
surrender

Battle of Thermopylae (480)
◦ Greeks make a stand in
narrow pass
◦ Hold off until betrayed
◦ Spartans remains to buy time
 All slaughtered – Heroic Defeat
 Athens evacuated and sacked

Battle of Salamis (480)
◦ Oracle advises to “put faith
in the wooden wall”
◦ Set trap for Persian Navy in
narrow straights
◦ Superior Athenian Navy is
Victorious
 Persia retreats

Platea & Mycale (479)
◦ Greeks wait until prepared
to attack when
◦ Defeat of remaining Persian
army and navy
Analysis

Collection of Greek City-states defeat
mighty Persian Empire
◦ Affects moral of each

Celebration of the Hero
◦ Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis

New sense of Greek nationalism
◦ Look to become united

Athenian navy now dominant force
◦ Look to Athens protection