Download PowerPoint Presentation - UW Atmospheric Sciences

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Climatic Research Unit email controversy wikipedia, lookup

Global warming wikipedia, lookup

Media coverage of global warming wikipedia, lookup

Michael E. Mann wikipedia, lookup

Climate change and poverty wikipedia, lookup

Climatic Research Unit documents wikipedia, lookup

Climate change feedback wikipedia, lookup

Mitigation of global warming in Australia wikipedia, lookup

Solar radiation management wikipedia, lookup

Effects of global warming on humans wikipedia, lookup

Public opinion on global warming wikipedia, lookup

Politics of global warming wikipedia, lookup

Attribution of recent climate change wikipedia, lookup

Climate change, industry and society wikipedia, lookup

Scientific opinion on climate change wikipedia, lookup

General circulation model wikipedia, lookup

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report wikipedia, lookup

Years of Living Dangerously wikipedia, lookup

Numerical weather prediction wikipedia, lookup

Atmospheric model wikipedia, lookup

Surveys of scientists' views on climate change wikipedia, lookup

Fred Singer wikipedia, lookup

Research and Careers
in Atmospheric
UW Atmospheric Sciences Outreach
Weather vs. Climate
 Time scales up to 10 – 14 days
 Time scales of 2 weeks – hundreds of years
 Think of climate as “average weather” over long periods of
The Greenhouse Effect
 Trace gases in the atmosphere (water vapor, carbon
dioxide, ozone, etc) absorb infrared radiation and reemit it toward the surface.
 As a results, the surface warms.
 Increasing the amount of these greenhouse gases
increases the temperature at the Earth’s surface.
Careers in Atmospheric Sciences
Public Relations
Software development
Field Work / Obs
Careers in Research
 Can conduct research at
 Universities
 Government Agencies
 Private Companies
There are many topics in atmospheric science that
people research and apply including…
Research topic: Climate
 Climatology
 Variability and patterns of
 Climate modeling
 Paleoclimate
 Climate change (e.g.
feedbacks and sensitivity)
 Global warming
 Impacts (how different
regions will be affected)
 Geoengineering
Research topic: Planetary
 Study of atmospheres on
other planets
Research topics: Dynamics
 Physics (equations of motion)
 Global circulation
 Mid-latitude cyclones
 Monsoons
 Planetary boundary layer (PBL)
 Air-Sea interations
Research topic: Atmospheric
 Air quality (air pollution)
 Aerosols
 Anthropogenic emissions
 Ozone
 Paleoclimate proxies
 Instrumentation
Research topic: Atmospheric
 Energy balance of the
 Remote sensing
 Planetary boundary
layer (PBL)
 Absorption /
scattering / reflection
/ emission
Research topic: Clouds
 Cloud dynamics
 Storms
 Precipitation processes
 Aerosol interactions
Research topic:
Mesoscale Meteorology
 Hurricanes/ Tropical storms /
 Convection
 Tornadoes/Supercells /
 Mesoscale Convective Systems
 Influence of topography on
 Land and sea breeze circulations
 Small-scale weather
 Precipitation bands
Careers in Government:
Examples of Government Agencies
 National Oceanographic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
 National Weather Service (NWS)
 Climate Prediction Center (CPC)
 National Center for Atmospheric
Research (NCAR)
 Military
 National Aeronautic and Space
Administration (NASA)
 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
What does the government do?
 Air quality
 Aviation weather
 Fire weather
 Marine weather
 Severe weather
 Weather forecasting
 Hydrology
 Climate monitoring and
 Satellite design /operation
 Data collection
 Natural resource
 Emergency Management
 Space weather
 Research
Weather Forecasting
 Forecasters use weather models generated by the
government and other sources to predict the weather
 Many different people have careers in forecasting
 TV, radio, and newspaper weathermen
 National Weather Service
 Private companies (Accuweather, Intellicast, etc)
Broadcast Meteorology
 The “weather person” you see on TV news
 Local TV and radio stations, national networks (ie: ABC,
 Local TV weather often write the weather forecast for
newspapers as well
 Cable channels like The Weather Channel
 Skills in communication, public speaking and on-air
presence are key!
Broadcast Meteorology
Private Forecasting
 Many industries depend on accurate, targeted and specific weather
forecasting for their economic success
 Airlines and other transportation
 Shipping companies
 Agriculture
 Outdoor recreation (ski resorts, etc)
 Operations in extreme environments such as Antarctica
 Any business that must comply with environmental protection laws
dealing with air or water pollution (ex: construction, manufacturing,
energy) - many have their own meteorologist or hire one from a
private consulting firm on a project-by-project basis
Wind Energy
 Wind energy is an important emerging sector of
atmospheric sciences as more emphasis is put on
alternative energy
 Meteorologists help select a site that is best for a wind
farm – somewhere with steady, strong winds
 Once the wind farm is built, meteorologists must provide
accurate, real-time forecasts of wind speed and direction
so that transfer to the power grid goes smoothly.
Wind Energy
 Many different companies require the services of an
atmospheric scientist.
 Work ranges from technical to policy consulting
Science Policy
 Governments need scientists to
interpret scientific results and apply it
to laws and policies.
 Many different political topics require
the expertise of atmospheric
 Global warming
 Pollution
 Environmental protection
 Ocean acidification
 All levels of government (federal,
state, local) have opportunities for
those who want to bridge the policy
and science divide.
 NGOs (non-governmental
organizations) also help shape policy
and require the expertise of scientists.
Science Journalism and Writing
 Communication of science to the public is important
 Science writers interpret and report scientific results for
the public
 Science Communicators who have brought atmospheric
science to the public:
 Carl Sagan (Astronomer)
 Al Gore (Politician)
 James Balog (Photographer)
 Andrew Revkin (Journalist)
How to Prepare
 In high school:
 Strengthen your math, science, computer and writing skills
 If your school offers an environmental science or weather
class, consider taking it
 In college:
 Atmos. Sci. is broad, so a range of skills can make you
successful – math, science, computer programming,
communications, physics, oceanography, geography,
political science – you get the idea!
 There are many paid and unpaid internship opportunities
available – NOAA, NWS, NCAR, Nat'l Labs, TV stations, local
agencies (air quality, etc), private companies, DoE
General Tips
 Take EVERY advantage of opportunities to meet people
you are interested in working for
 Internships help you get experience, and help you decide
if the field is right for you
 It is your definition of success that matters, because it is
your happiness
Shameless Plug
UW non-major course offerings in atmospheric sciences
 101: Introduction to weather
 111: Global warming
 211: Climate and climate change
 212: Air pollution
Thank You!