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Early Andean Society and the Chavín
• Early migration to Peru and Bolivia region
Early agriculture in South America
By 12,000 B.C.E. hunting and gathering peoples reached South America
By 8000 B.C.E. they began to experiment with agriculture
Complex societies appeared in central Andean region after 1000 B.C.E.
Andean societies were located in modern-day Peru and Bolivia
Main crops: beans, peanuts, sweet potatoes, cotton
Fishing supplemented agricultural harvests
By 1800 B.C.E. the people produced pottery, built temples and pyramids
The Chavín Cult, from about 900 to 300 B.C.E.
Complexity of Andean society increases during Chavín
Devised techniques of producing cotton textiles and fishing nets
Discovered gold, silver, and copper metallurgy
Cities began to appear shortly after Chavín cult
Early Andeans did not make use of writing