Download Al-Ridha -

Document related concepts

Medina wikipedia , lookup

Political aspects of Islam wikipedia , lookup

Salah wikipedia , lookup

Women as imams wikipedia , lookup

Sources of sharia wikipedia , lookup

Sayyid wikipedia , lookup

Succession to Muhammad wikipedia , lookup

Islam and other religions wikipedia , lookup

Islamic culture wikipedia , lookup

History of Islam wikipedia , lookup

Hilya wikipedia , lookup

Islam and war wikipedia , lookup

Ashura wikipedia , lookup

Satanic Verses wikipedia , lookup

Islamic schools and branches wikipedia , lookup

Historicity of Muhammad wikipedia , lookup

Tazkiah wikipedia , lookup

Ismah wikipedia , lookup

Fatimid Caliphate wikipedia , lookup

Islamic history of Yemen wikipedia , lookup

Shia Islam wikipedia , lookup

Islamic Golden Age wikipedia , lookup

Twelver wikipedia , lookup

Fiqh wikipedia , lookup

Schools of Islamic theology wikipedia , lookup

Husayn ibn Ali wikipedia , lookup

Usul Fiqh in Ja'fari school wikipedia , lookup

History of Nizari Ismailism wikipedia , lookup

Imamate (Twelver doctrine) wikipedia , lookup

Muhammad al-Mahdi wikipedia , lookup

Imam Reza shrine wikipedia , lookup

Criticism of Twelver Shia Islam wikipedia , lookup

Imamah (Shia) wikipedia , lookup

Origin of Shia Islam wikipedia , lookup

Ali al-Hadi wikipedia , lookup

Ali al-Ridha wikipedia , lookup

The Eighth Imam
By A.S. Hashim. MD
Zainul Abideen
Umm Al-Baneen
Umm Al-Baneen
The first 10 years of life
Early childhood
Al-Ridha was born in 148 Hijrah, and Al-Kadhim was 20
Yrs old by then
Was born one month after his grandfather Al-Saadiq
had died
Al-Ridha grew up in the laps of righteousness and piety,
with love and tender care.
Al-Ridha is tutored by his father Kadhim early on
Memorized the Quran and learned a great deal about
Islam quite early
Al-Ridha in his Boyhood
Al-Ridha displayed a photographic memory
 Early on Al-Ridha:
 Memorized the Holy Quran and learned the
meaning of its various parts, and the historical
background of some Ayahs
 And even learned many of the Ayah’s intricacies.
 He had an excellent teacher in his father.
Al-Ridha in his Boyhood
Al-Ridha learned about the unfavorable circumstances
surrounding Al-Kadhim due to Khalifa Al-Mansoor
 Enjoyed going out with his father Al-Kadhim to the
Prophet's Mosque
 He often saw his father praying, saying Du'aa, and
crying, especially at the Prophet's Mosque
 Al-Ridha became the questioner, the investigator, the
researcher, and his questions increased in complexity.
Al-Ridha in his Boyhood
When Al-Ridha was 10 Yrs old Al-Mansoor died.
 As Khalifa, Al-Mansoor was extremely hard on Ahlul Bayt:
 Dispatched many undercover agents for fear Imam
Al-Saadiq might call for an uprising against him
 Curtailed the activity of the Institute of Ahlul Bayt.
 Al-Mansoor was a highly suspicious and un-trusting man:
 Due to suspicion he incarcerated then bloodily
murdered a large number of Al-Hasan's progeny
 He dispersed the rest of the family. That naturally led
to a revolt against him.
Al-Ridha in his Boyhood
Al-Ridha noticed that his father [Al-Kadhim] was
cautious and prudent as long as Al-Mansoor was alive:
 Teaching during nighttime if the students ventured
 Had to be more of a listener unless he was asked.
 Al-Kadhim had to answer by quoting the Hadiths
and give various Al-Ah'kaam only when asked.
 The oppressive environment caused by Al-Mansoor led
to shrinkage of the Institute to a great extent.
 People were too scared to take risks, it was not
humanly possible.
 Both Al-Ridha and his father had looked into the Jafr of
the Corpus of Knowledge many times. It encouraged
The second 10 years of life
Al-Ridha in his teens
Al-Ridha observed that Khalifa Al-Mahdi was religious, and
less restrictive than his father
Therefore the Institute of Ahlul Bayt became reactivated
There were many intellectual centers in the Islamic world.
 They were centers of learning in Medina and Mecca
(Hijaz), Kufa, Basrah, Egypt, and the emerging Qum
 Many scholars were sought after, but the majority
referred to Ahlul Bayt's narration which was called the
Golden Chain of Narration.
Al-Ridha heard his father Al-Kadhim saying: My narration is
the same as that of my father who narrated from his father
up to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
The Golden Chain of Narration
Thousands of Hadiths were narrated and quoted
through Al-Kadhim
 He often said, "My Hadith is the Hadith of my father, and
his is the Hadith of his father, up to Ali, who directly
narrated the Hadith from Prophet Muhammad
(pbuh)." This is called the Golden Chain of Narration.
 These Hadiths were of immense importance, since they
corrected the inaccuracies and set right the
contaminations which had crept into this science.
Golden Chain of Narration: (so far)
Zainul Abideen
The Golden Chain of Narration
Quoting their Forefathers
From the Prophet
From his Father
From his Father
Zainul Abideen
From his Father
From his Father
From his Father
From his Father
From his Father
The Golden Chain of Narration
The youthful years of life: 20-31 Yr old
Al-Ridha as a youth
By the age of 20 years Al-Ridha learned that Khalifa
Al-Mahdi (son of Al-Mansoor) had died.
 Imam Al-Kadhim was 40 years old by then
 Al-Ridha reflected back about the enormous material he
had learned from Imam Al-Kadhim:
 Al-Ridha was keen about the immense value of the
books left by Imam Ali, (al-Jaami'ah).
 He had actively but discretely participated in
Discourses and teachings of Islam.
 He knew that Imam Al-Kadhim, was the ultimate
knowledge reference of the Islamic world, Al-Marji' .
Ismah Emphasized
 Ismah: Ayah of Tat’heer: Surah 33 : Ayah 33.
 Ahlul Bayt are to be obeyed, not just revered;
 Imamah: was of immense importance. A designated
Imam was Ma'soom, i.e., safeguarded by Allah from:
1. religious error,
2. sin, and
3. forgetfulness.
 Those who ignore the Imamah will have ignored a basic
pillar in their faith.
Corpus of Knowledge
1. Quran in chorological
Corpus of Knowledge
consists of the following:
2. Tafseer (Mus’haf Fatima)
3. Hadith (Saheefa of Ali)
4. Ah’kaam
5. Al-Jafr
1. White Jafr: Prophets
and early times
2. Red Jafr: Rules of war
in Islam
Al-Ridha in his thirties I
1. The Shi'a (Imamah-Asserters),
2. Al-Hanafi
3. Al-Maaliki
Numerous Piety-minded
communities have evolved;
headed by
its leader called Aalim.
They were each active and
many were highly influential. To
mention just a few there were:
4. As‘haab Al-Hadith
5. schools of Ibn Abbas,
6. schools of Ibn Omar,
7. Murji'ah,
8. Khariji,
9. Mu'tazila,
10. Jabriah,
11. Qadariyah,
12. Jah'miyyah
Al-Ridha in his thirties II
By the Khilaafah of Haroon Al-Rashid the Institute of
Ahlul Bayt had grown to such an extent that it had held
extreme power.
 It held a large sway and continued to be
uncompromising with Benu Abbas and exposing
the un-Islamic activities of the Khalifa and his
 The Institute had grown so influential and had such
following that it frightened Al-Rashid.
 The informants of the Khalifa were still around and
their reports produced much distrust and
suspicion. For the Khalifa it was a dilemma as to
what to do.
Al-Ridha in his thirties III
 Al-Ridha asked his father Al-Kadhim about the caution:
 “Our Shi'a are dispersed in Egypt, Iraq, Persia,
Yemen, and Syria. Our representatives collect the
Zakat and Khums funds.
 These funds are distributed to the poor and
 Why do we have to constantly be cautious.”
 Al-Kadhim answered,
 “Son, the reputation of the Institute scares Khalifa
Haroon Al-Rashid, since the Institute brings to mind
that all of us, including the government should be
Shari'ah-minded. Al-Rashid may cause me harm, and
I advice you to be cautious, very cautious.”
Al-Ridha in his thirties IV
 Al-Rashid was returning from Haj, when he stopped in
1.Al-Rashid visited the tomb of Muhammad (pbuh) and
said, “O Messenger of Allah, forgive me for what I
intend to do.”
2.Then Al-Rashid gave orders to arrest Imam AlKadhim without charges and
3.Al-Ridha, the family, people in Medina and
everywhere were extremely distressed and upset
4.This took place in 179H. Al-Kadhim was 51 Yr old
and Al-Ridha was 31 Yr old.
Al-Ridha in his thirties V
They did not know that Al-Rashid (being apprehensive of attempts
to rescue Imam Al-Kadhim) had:
1. Ordered two camel-domes to be prepared, in one of which he
seated the Imam and sent him to Basrah escorted by a
sizeable military detachment.
2. The other dome was empty and it was sent to Baghdad with
an equal number of soldiers.
3. This was a move to confuse prospective rescuers and distract
the attention of people by keeping the place of imprisonment
The family of Al-Kadhim didn’t even know that the Marji’, the Imam
himself, was taken away from amongst them
The period of 31-50 Yr old
In charge while father in detention I
Having taken the place of his father, Al-Ridha is in charge
now at the age of 31:
 And as foretold by his father, Al-Ridha carried on the
responsibilities of the Institute in the absence of his
 He was also extra cautious in dealing with others.
 The atmosphere however continued to be tense and
somber for the years of Al-Kadhim’s incarceration,
 That continued for four years
 Then they were jarred with the tragic news: that Imam
Al-Kadhim had died while in prison.
In charge while father in detention II
 By now Al-Ridha had to limit his activity more or less to administering
the affairs of the Institute.
The Institute of Ahlul Bayt was restricted due to the pressure put on it
by Benu Abbas.
The Shi'a were spread over vast areas of the Ummah.
The Emergence of and changes in the Piety-minded societies was
fast taking place.
The Conversion of much of the indigenous Christian, Jewish, and
Zoradusht population to Islam was going strong.
The Continued need for the effort of Ahlul Bayt to explain the Ideal
Islam as Muhammad (pbuh) had taught it, but under different
conditions than any time before.
Al-Ridha is the Imam: 35 Yr old
Al-Kadhim was 55 years old when he died in 183H
Al-Ridha is the Imam at age of 35 years.
Imamah means a designation (Nass) by the Almighty
sent down to Muhammad (pbuh) through Jubra'eel, then
passed down from one Imam to the subsequent one.
 Previously Al-Kadhim had given Al-Ridha the trust of the
Corpus of Knowledge that came down from Ali.
 Now Al-Ridha is in possession and in charge of them.
 Emphasizing the service of Allah, piety, perfection
of character, and good works in the society.
 Musa Al-Kadhim died away from his home and the
loved ones.
After the death of Al-Rashid (193H)
Al-Ridha intensified his works for Islam since he was
not hampered during this period:
 the activity of the Institute (Al-Howza Al-Ilmiyyah)
was at much higher level than before.
 taking advantage of the circumstances, students
and scholars of various fields flocked to Medina to
learn at the hands of Al-Ridha.
 The popularity of and sentiment for Ahlul Bayt was
quite high among people especially Iraq and
 Al-Jawaad was born to Al-Ridha.
Al-Ridha’s Person
Appearance: Al-Ridha had an appearance
commanding reverence and high esteem. He had a
radiant countenance, a cheerful look with repose.
 Discourse Capacity: People held Imam Al-Ridha in
utmost regard and were very attracted by his
discussions. It is said that one authority had registered
about 18,000 Fiqh intricacies (questions) which AlRidha had answered and clarified.
 Personal Habits: Al-Ridha's care for the feeling of his
subordinates was such that at meal time he used to
insist on calling on all his servants, attendants, and
employees to sit with him to eat.
Al-Kadhim says of Al-Ridha
was quoted
saying to
his sons,
“This is your brother Ali [Al-Ridha], the
erudite of Aali Muhammad (pbuh), ask him
about your religion and memorize what he
says. My father had told me that your
brother (Al-Ridha) is alike with Imam Ali.”
was also
Ali [Al-Ridha] is the oldest of my children,
and certainly he is the most devout and
the most loved by me; and the two of us
had looked into the Jafr, while no one is
allowed to look into the Jafr except a
Prophet or Prophet's appointee.”
Similarities with Al-Kadhim
Al-Ridha loved to pray, say Du'aas, and do Sujood frequently
Al-Ridha used to perform Salat frequently, especially
Al-Ridha used to often fast voluntarily during the year.
To perform Haj or Omrah Al-Ridha used to accompany AlKadhim traveling on foot, often walking for 25-30 days.
Al-Ridha used to go at night to distribute food, flour, and
money to poor people without anyone knowing about him.
It is said that Imam Al-Ridha was instrumental in freeing
about 1,000 slaves during his lifetime. Al-Ridha used to buy
slaves as soon as he could afford, then give them their
Birth of Al-Jawaad
Year 195H: Two years after Haroon Al-Rashid had died
Al-Jawaad was born.
 His father (Imam Al-Ridha) was about 45 years old and
married for sometime.
 Al-Jawaad was raised with utmost care and gentleness
by his family, under the exclusive tutelage of his father,
 Al-Jawaad showed signs of brilliance early on, and he
learned a great deal at the hands of his father.
 Al-Ridha was renowned for being:
 the most pious of men in his time,
 the most knowledgeable in Shari'ah and Fiqh
(Islamic Law), and
 the most generous and the noblest.
 His nobility, goodness, virtue, and integrity were
proverbial, no wonder he was so popular.
Character II
 Imam Al-Ridha was uncommonly hospitable and a
generous person,
1. Was famous for helping others when in need.
2. The needy and disadvantaged, and those under
financial pressure were gladly assisted.
3. Al-Ridha's generosity was better expressed during
the darkness of the nights, so that no one would
see him when giving.
 Al-Ridha held the poor with respect and paid special
attention to those who worked for him, blacks and whites
alike, insisting on eating with them at meal time. The
ones who were within close reach were his guests.
Character III
 Majlis: Imam Al-Ridha was the first to officially
commemorate Karbala event.
 Al-Ridha also stressed Karbala and its significance for
Islam, and its long-term influence for saving Islam from
being misinterpreted or misrepresented.
 Imam Al-Ridha stressed on people to:
1. hold Majlis on the anniversary of Karbala,
2. visit the tomb of Imam Al-Husain that had become a
shrine by then,
3. understand the endeavor of Imam Al-Husain, and
4. understand and emulate the works of Al-Husain.
As Imam: to Khurasan: 51-55 Yr old
During Al-Ma’Moon’s Reign
 Al-Ma'Moon urged Imam Al-Ridha to accept the Khilaafah or
 After an initial refusal Imam Al-Ridha, so pressured, agreed to
be the Khalifa-in-succession (Vice-regent), with conditions
1. That Al-Ridha does not carry out tasks in the
2. That Al-Ridha does not appoint or dismiss any official.
3. That Al-Ridha would give counsel and advice when
 Al-Ma'Moon gave Al-Ridha his sister in marriage.
 Imam Al-Ridha died within 3 years after the agreement as
Khalifa Al-Ma'Moon was on his way moving to Baghdad.
On the Way to Khurasan
Travel from Medina to Khurasan took 3 months
Along the route crowds rushed excitedly to welcome the
`Son of the Prophet's daughter'.
All were anxious for his speeches, advice, quotes of the
Hadith and other matters.
In one town the people were crying and wailing, wanting
the blessings of being near Imam Al-Ridha
When they calmed down, Imam Al-Ridha gave a short
speech about the faith.
They counted the scribes [like reporters of today] and
they exceeded 20,000 in number.
Al-Ma’Moon Welcomes Al-Ridha
Al-Ridha arrived in Ramadhan, the year 201H
It was 3 years after the end of the civil war between AlAmin and Al-Ma'Moon.
Al-Jawaad was about 7 years old, and he probably was
with his father.
The area was mountainous, lush, uncommonly cold
Along with his entourage and dignitaries Khalifa AlMa'Moon came out with welcoming arms.
Imam Al-Ridha and Khalifa Al-Ma'Moon began to
Al-Ma'Moon offered Al-Ridha the Khilaafah but Imam AlRidha refused it.
Route to Maru
The 2500 Mile
Route to Maru
Al-Ridha at Maru I
Together Al-Ridha and Khalifa Al-Ma'Moon started to
hold court to hear complaints and grievances of the
common man —and to present solutions.
 People began to aggregate often, ask more boldly, and
they received fitting and deserved justice.
 They left happy and very content with the judgment.
 They liked the congenial atmosphere, loved the sense
of justice, and were grateful for the verdicts.
Al-Ridha at Maru II
Al-Ma'Moon had an intellectual bend, and there was a
need to clarify many Islamic concepts
Al-Ma'Moon often invited scholars or other leaders to
visit the headquarters to present their point of view.
Scholars came from near and far, traveled hundreds of
miles to take advantage of the encouraging mood.
As a result, sessions were frequently held to discuss
and argue various points of view.
People knew that Al-Ridha was the man to ask, he was
the ultimate Marji' (Authority). They flocked to these
sessions, especially scholars and leaders of: As'haab
Al-Hadith, Mu'tazila, Fiqh leaders, Christians, Jews,
Buddhists and others.
Vice-regency of Al-Ridha
Vice-regency of Al-Ridha was announced on Salat
Jumu’ah, and ordering the preachers to pray in Du'aa
for both Al-Ma’Moon and Al-Ridha before the sermon.
Changing the money coinage in the name of AlRidha. Many such coins exist even today in some
Changing the official color of the dress and flags to
green rather than black (the symbol of Benu Abbas).
Condemning the detractors from Ahlul Bayt.
Giving back Fadak to Ahlul Bayt.
Officially establishing Majlis for Karbala all over.
The 3 years in Maru
 Al-Ridha in Maru was teaching, advising, and counseling,
 Numerous sayings and many books have been written about
 Despite being in the hub of the Khalifa Court, no change in
behavior was ever noticed about him:
1. he continued to be the same pious man with humility,
2. who cared for his subordinates and loved them for the
sake of Allah.
3. Continued on calling his servants and attendants at meal
time to eat together with him
4. On the day before Eid Al-Adha Imam Al-Ridha
distributed most of his funds to the poor, and needy.
Trouble in Baghdad
Baghdad revolts, Al-Ridha advices Al-Ma’Moon to move his
capital to Baghdad
From Maru the government officials, all the high-ups, the
leaders of the armed forces, and the Justices moved en
masse toward Baghdad.
After a few days the Wazir (Prime minister) was attacked by
some people and killed.
When the crowd reached another town of Khurasan Imam AlRidha fell ill with fever.
It so happened that this town was the same town in which
the father of Al-Ma'Moon (Haroon Al-Rashid) was buried.
Al-Ridha dies: 203H
The 55 year old Al-Ridha was sick for three days
His condition worsened, he fainted, collapsed, then died.
It is reported that his condition was caused by poisoning
through Al-Ma'Moon.
Al-Ma'Moon showed grief and anguish.
Al-Ma'Moon insisted to be among those who carried the
coffin, crying, grieving, and looking miserable.
Finally Al-Ridha was buried by the side of Al-Ma'Moon's
father, Haroon Al-Rashid, the very one who imprisoned
Al-Ridha's father (Imam Al-Kadhim).
It is said that Khalifa Al-Ma'Moon stayed at the site of the
grave for 3 days mourning the loss of Al-Ridha, eating
very little.
Contemporary Khulafaa
Benu Abbas:
During his Lifetime,
Al-Ridha was
contemporary to the
Following Rulers of
Benu Abbas
 Al-Mansoor, brother of Al-Saffah
 Al-Mahdi, son of Al-Mansoor
 Al-Haadi, son of Al-Mahdi
 Al-Rashid, son of Al-Mahdi
 Al-Amin, son of Al-Rashid
 Al-Ma'Moon, son of Al-Rashid
Select sayings of Al-Ridha #1
Among the qualities of the scholar is [to be] forbearing,
knowledgeable, and to speak little, for such is the door to
wisdom which brings forth affection and leads to good
Your best friend is your intellect, and your worst enemy is
your ignorance.
The generous person is: close to Allah, close to paradise,
close to people, and is far from Hellfire. The stingy is far
from paradise, far from people, and close to Hellfire.
For the pious person Salat is the means to be close to Allah.
Select sayings of Al-Ridha #2
A Mu'min [believer] is one who delights in performing a good deed, and
if he offends he will ask forgiveness. A Muslim is one from whose
tongue and hands other Muslims are safe [meaning safe from his
disposition and domination]. And he is not our adherent the person
who does not secure his neighbor from wrongful act.
The person who does not thank the benefactor from among the
created, does not thank Allah.
When prostrating you are closest to Allah; for Allah has commanded in
the Quran: “Prostrate, [O man], to be near [Me].”
Faith is based on four foundations: a) to rely on Allah, b) to accede to
the decree of Allah, c) to submit to the orders of Allah, and d) to entrust
‫‪Visitation (Ziyarah) of Al-Ridha‬‬
‫علَي َْك يَا ُج ََّ َ ا َّ ِ‬
‫ي َّ ِ‬
‫َّلل َواب َْن ُج ََّتِ ِ ِه‬
‫اَّلل َواب َْن َو ِل ِي ِ ِه ال َّ‬
‫‪ ‬ال َّ‬
‫سالَ ُم َ‬
‫سالَ ُم َ‬
‫علَي َْك يَا َو ِل َّ‬
‫ام ْال ُهدَى َو ْالعُ ْر َوة َ ا ْل ُوثْقَى َو َر ْج َم ُ َّ ِ‬
‫اَّلل َوبَ َر َكاتُ ِهُ‬
‫ال َّ‬
‫سالَ ُم َ‬
‫علَي َْك يَا ِإ َم َ‬
‫علَ ْي ِ ِه آبَا ُؤ َك َّ‬
‫ات َّ ِ‬
‫صلَ َو ُ‬
‫علَ ْي ِه ْم‬
‫الطا ِه ُر َ‬
‫ضي َ‬
‫علَى َما َم َ‬
‫‪ ‬أ َ ْش َهد ُ أَنَّ َك َم َ‬
‫اَّلل َ‬
‫ضى َ‬
‫ْت َ‬
‫ون َ‬
‫ت ِ َّ ِ‬
‫ص ْج َ‬
‫ق ِإلَى بَ ِ‬
‫ع ًمى َ‬
‫‪ ‬لَ ْم تُؤْ ثِ ْر َ‬
‫اط ٍّل َوأَنَّ َك نَ َ‬
‫علَى ُهدًى َولَ ْم ت َ ِم ْل ِم ْن َج ٍّ‬
‫اْل ْسالَ ِم َوأ َ ْه ِل ِ ِه َخي َْر ْال ََزَ ِاء‬
‫اك َّ‬
‫ْت ْاْل َ َمانَ َ فَ ََزَ َ‬
‫سو ِل ِ ِه َوأَدَّي َ‬
‫َو ِل َر ُ‬
‫اَّللُ َ‬
‫ع ِن ْ ِ‬
‫ارفا ً ِب َج ِق َك ُم َوا ِليا ً ِْل َ ْو ِليَا ِئ َك ُمعَا ِديا ً ِْل َ ْعدَا ِئ َك فَا ْشفَ ْع‬
‫‪ ‬أَت َ ْيت ُ َك ِبأ َ ِبي َوأ ُ ِمي زَ ا ِئرا ً َ‬
‫ع ِ‬
‫ِلي ِع ْندَ َر ِب َك‬
‫للا َو َر ْج َم ُ ِ‬
‫سو ِل ِ‬
‫للا َوبَ َركاتُ ِهُ‪ ،‬ا َ ْش َهد ُ اَنَّ َك‬
‫‪ ‬اَل َّ‬
‫الي يَا ب َْن َر ُ‬
‫سال ُم َ‬
‫علَي َْك يا َم ْو َ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ب اِلَى ِ‬
‫ي ْال ُم ْر ِشد ُ‪ ،‬اَب َْرأ ُ اِلَى ِ‬
‫للا ِم ْن اَعْدائِ َك‪َ ،‬واَتَقَ َّر ُ‬
‫ال ِِما ُم ْالهادي َو ْال َو ِل ُّ‬
‫علَي َْك َو َر ْج َم ُ ِ‬
‫للا َوبَ َركاتُ ِهُ‪.‬‬
‫صلَّى للاُ َ‬
‫بِ ِواليَتِ َك َ‬
Burial site nowadays
In this Slide Show
 Discussed in this Slide Show:
Hadiths on Al-Mahdi’s behalf
Al-Askari explains to his son Al-Mahdi
Al-Mahdi Becomes the Imam
Salat of Janaaza
During the Minor Occultation
Uthman Al-Amri, the 1st Safeer:
Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2nd Safeer
Husain Ibn Rooh, the 3rd Safeer
Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari, the 4th Safeer
 End of the Minor Occultation
 Sample Du’aa
 Sample Pronouncement [Tawkii’ ‫]التوقيع‬
Finally Let us Read Surah al-Asr Together
In the name of God: Lord of Mercy and Lord of
By the Eons of Time,
Verily Man is in loss, except:
those who believe and do good, and enjoin
one another to truth and enjoin one another
to patience.
‫ص ِر‬
ْ ‫َو ْال َع‬
‫سانَ لَ ِفي ُخ ْس ٍّر‬
َ ‫اْل ْن‬
ِ ْ ‫ِإ َّن‬
‫ص ْوا‬
ِ ‫صا ِل َجا‬
َّ ‫ع ِملُوا ال‬
َ ‫ِإ َّال الَّذِينَ آ َمنُوا َو‬
َ ‫ت َوتَ َوا‬
‫ص ْب ِر‬
َّ ‫ص ْوا ِبال‬
َ ‫ق َوتَ َوا‬
ِ ‫ِب ْال َج‬
Be in Allah’s Care
Thank you and May God Bless you.
Dr. A.S. Hashim