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Transcript
Characteristics of Living Things
5th Grade Science
Basic Units of Life
The Kingdoms of Life
Organism



Any Living Thing
All living things are
made of cells.
Organisms carry out the
basic functions of life:
reproduce, get rid of
waste, respond, grow
and develop, and get or
make own energy.
Animal Cell

Nucleus

Mitochondrion

Cell Membrane

Cytoplasm

Vacuole
Plant Cell


Difference: a cell wall
and a cell membrane
Contains chlorophyll
which allows it to create
its own energy from the
sun.
Plant cell under a microscope.
Animal cell under a microscope.
What are living things made of?

Cells- Tiny living parts

Tissues – Made up of cells working together


Organs – Made up of groups of tissues working
together
Organ system- Made up of groups of organs working
together
Human muscle cell


This is cardiac muscle
cells.
Where would you find
cardiac muscle cells?
Groups of tissue form organs

The heart is a muscle
that is important in
moving blood
throughout the body.
Body Systems

The circulatory system
is made up of groups of
organs which work
together to do a specific
job.
Plant Kingdom

Plants are broken up
into two different
groups: Vascular and
Nonvascular
Nonvascular Plants



Plants without tubes.
Live near a water
source.
Usually are not very
tall.
Vascular Plants


Have tubes to carry
nutrients from top to
bottom.
This allows some of
these plants to grow
extremely tall.
Animal Kingdom



Two Major phyla
Vertebrates – Animals
with backbones
Invertebrates – Animals
with out backbones.
Chordata

Animals with
backbones are put into
the phylum chordata.
Invertebrates

Animals without
backbones tend to live
in oceans and have soft
bodies.
Fungi




Multi Celled organism
Do not produce own
food.
Live off and decompose
other organisms
Examples – Yeast,
Morels, MildewsMolds – Mushrooms,
smuts, rusts
Protists



Most are one celled
organisms
Some are plant-like
while others are more
animal-like.
Examples – Slime
molds, Diatoms,
Dinoflagellates, Green
Algae, Euglenas
Plant-like protists

Euglena have the ability
to create there own food
because they contain
chlorophyl.
Bacteria

Single Celled organisms

No Nucleus

Two types of bacteria

Ancient Bacteria


True Bacteria -Strep
throat
Some can be helpful,
others can be harmful.