Download Mongols

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Protectorate General to Pacify the West wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Key Concept 3.2:
Continuity &
Innovations of
State Forms &
Their Interactions
(Mongols)
Period 3: 600 – 1450 CE
Who were the Mongols?
Genghis Khan
United the
Mongol tribes
 1206- “The
Great Khan”
– Leader of
all Mongols

Genghis Khan

Two genius ideas:
 Promotion
based on merit not family
 Brought people of lower classes into his
tribe and executed the leaders of
conquered clans

Peasants LOVED him
Genghis Khan

One failure:
 Did
NOT create a single political unit out of
all his empires
 Who does this remind you of???
 Alexander
the Great
Four Khanates
 Yuan
Dynasty
(Khanate of the
Great Khan)China
 Chagatai
KhanateCentral Asia
 Ilkhanate- Persia
 Khanate of the
Golden HordeRussia
Mongol Military Power

Horses and Archery

Adaptable
 Learned
how to lay siege to fortified
castles
 Learned how to use gunpowder

Fear
Mongols in Russia
 Kievan
Rus
 Considered
“birthplace” of Russia
 Trade & Agriculture center
 Converted to Byzantine Christianity
 Fell to Mongols in 1240
Russia Under Mongol Rule
Khanate of the Golden Horde
 Serfdom arose as peasants gave up
land for protection
 Moscow benefited by acting as tribute
collector for Mongols
 Mongol rule isolated Russia from
Byzantium and Europe

 This
isolation will influence Russia for
centuries
Mongols in Persia
Siege of Baghdad
(1258)
 800,000 people
killed- including the
Abbasid Caliph

 Ends
500 year
Islamic dynasty

Added to the
Ilkhanate
Mongols and China

Kublai Khan
 Completed
the
conquest of
China that
Genghis Khan
(his
grandfather)
began
 First
time
China has
been unified
since end of
the Tang
Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)
Centralized government and
bureaucracy
 Shortest of the Chinese dynasties
 Maintained a separateness from
the population and used foreigners
(Marco Polo) to staff bureaucracy

 This
leads to their downfall
Were the Mongols Awesome?

Reinvigorated Trade
 Pax

Mongolica & Silk Roads
Increased communication in Eurasia
 Yam

Introduction of new foods
 Rice

System
becomes staple in Persian diet
Cross-cultural pollination
 Forcibly
relocated people useful to them
(especially administrators)

Religious tolerance
Were the Mongols Awful?
Genghis Khan’s
definition of
happiness
 Brutal Conquerors
 Empires did not
last
 Not interested in
art or architecture
 Maybe responsible
for the Black Death
