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Transcript
Lin Guenther
The beginnings
508 B.C.: Cleisthenes creates ten tribes
of Athens
 Tribes named after ancient heroes

 Eponymous: giving one’s name to a tribe or
place.
 Oracle of Apollo at Delphi chose names from
list
The Agora
Source: http://plato-dialogues.org/tools/agora.htm
The monument as the central hub
for public announcements:
Proposed legislation
 Lawsuits
 Summons for military service

Source:
http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/athnlife/epnymous.htm
Model Monument of the Eponymous
Heroes
Source: http://flickr.com/photos/14122758@N06/1445259054
The Heroes
Erechtheus
 Oeneus (Oeneis)
(Erechtheis)
 Cecrops (Cecropis)
 Aegeus (Aegeis)
 Hippothoon
 Pandion (Pandionis)
(Hippothontis)
 Leos (Leontis)
 Aiax (Aiantis)
 Acamas (Acamantis)  Antiochos (Antiochis)

The heroes had no significant relation to the
tribe which they represented.

Erechtheus
 Early king of Athens
 Raised by Athena
 Erechtheion named after him...

Aegeus
 Father of Theseus
 Aegean Sea named after him

Pandion
 Early king of Athens
 Father of Aegeus

Leos
 Sacrificed his daughters for Athens
 Leocorium

Acamas
 Son of Theseus
 Involved in Trojan War

Oeneus
 Son of Pandion

Cecrops
 Founder of Athens
 Half man, half serpent
 First to sacrifice to Athena

Hippothoon
 Son of Poseidon

Ajax
 Great warrior

Antiochos
 Son of Herakles
Importance of one’s tribe

By tribe an Athenian would :
 Be allotted to public office
 Vote
 Perform in coral dances in the theatre
 Compete in sacred games
 Serve in council
 Be conscripted
 Fight in battle
Today
Source:
http://www.nubiannilecruises.com/greece/general_info/The%20
Ancient%20Agora%20of%20Athens_files/IMAGE005.JPG
Source: http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/athnlife/epnymous.htm
Restructuring the Heroes

Antigonos & Demetrios
 Macedonian kings
 Added 307/6 B.C....removed end of 3rd Cent.
B.C. due to war against Macedon
Ptolemy III Euergetes: 224-3 B.C.
 King Attalos: 200 B.C.
 Hadrian: 124/5 B.C.
