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Daily Life in Athens - Outlining Agenda •Section 4 • Quiz MONDAY! Daily Life in Athens I. The Athenian Economy A. Farming 1. Terracing – carving smal plots from hillsides 2. Olives, grapes, figs B. Trade 1. Colonies – farmers and workers sent overseas – built colonies along the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas. 2. Import – good or service bought from another country or region. 3. Export – good or service sold to another country or region. Brain Break! Stand up. Do 15 seconds of stretching of your choice. Sit back down. Daily Life in Athens (cont.) II. Home and Family Life A. Homes 1. Maginificent temples and public buildings. 2. Simple, one-story brick homes. B. Marriage 1. Arranged by parents. 2. Girls married at 13 or 14. 3. Purpose was to have children. C. Women 1. Inferior to men – could not own or inherit property. 2. Managed the household and slaves, raised ch D. Children 1. Boys cared for by mom until age 7 – then received a pedagogue to teach manners. 2. Girls learned to manage a household. 3. Rich families sometimes taught girls to read and write. Daily Life in Athens (cont.) III. Education and Military Service A. Education 1. Sons learned reading, writing, grammar, poetry, music and gymnastics at elementary schools. 2. Sound mind and healthy body – important to Athenians. 3. Sophists (wise) opened schools for boys – teaching government, mathematics, ethics (good and bad) and rhetoric (public speaking, oratory and debate. B. Military Service 1. At 18 – All men received one year of military training. 2. Wealthy become hoplites – form the basis for military. 3. Poor served on the flanks of the army. 4. Other citizens rowed the ships of the Athenian fleet.