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Prostate Cancer
What is the Prostate Gland
What is the prostate Gland
Size of a chestnut
Just beneath the bladder
Urethra runs through its middle
Its main job is to produce fluid that enriches
• Can grow bigger with age, or become
What is Cancer
• The human body is made up of millions of
• These cells grow in size and number
• Sometimes because of certain environmental
factors such as sunlight, smoking, toxic
chemicals, Alcohol, or just bad luck the cells
start to multiply out of control
• A tumour or mass develops, which causes
damage to the organ and surrounding tissue.
• Cancers can spread!
What is Prostate Cancer
• A cancer that develops from prostate gland
• Most common Cancer in Men in the UK.
• 35000 men in the UK are diagnosed every year
• 1/12 men in the UK will develop Prostate
• Most commonly in men over the age of 65.
What are the risk Factors
Family history and genetics.
Ethnic Group.
What are the Symptoms
No symptoms.
Poor stream.
Poor emptying
Bloody urine
Bone pain
What Should I Do if I have these
Do not ignore the symptoms!
See your GP!
May be another less sinister illness.
Many older men have these symptoms.
Possibility of benign enlargement.
What will the GP Do?
Take a thorough history of your symptoms.
Examine the prostate gland.
Order a PSA blood test if appropriate.
If sufficiently concerned will refer you to the
Urologists for a possible biopsy.
• Note: A positive PSA does not necessarily mean
you have cancer, and a negative test does not rule
it out. It is just an aid in the diagnostic journey.
Is there any treatment
• This depends on the severity and spread of the
cancer, as well as the general health of the
• Treatment options include;
Watchful waiting
Hormonal therapy
Palliative Care
Prognosis: What is the outlook
• Very variable
• Some slow growing
• Some spread to other parts of the body and
affect life expectancy
• Response to treatment is also variable.
• If diagnosed, your specialist would be able to
give you a more accurate prognosis depending
on your particular situation.