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Space Science Overview Name:_________________________ Comprehensive Science Assessment pp. 85—94 Period:_____ The Solar System: Describe the differences between the terrestrial planets and the gas giants. Origin of the Solar System: What role did gravity play in the formation of the solar system? Earth’s Movements: 1. Explain what happens during the spring and fall equinoxes 2. What season is it in the southern hemisphere when the northern hemisphere is experiencing winter? The Planets: 1. Identify two patterns you observe in the data table above. a. b. 2. Which planet is most like Earth? Explain your answer. Earth’s Moon: On what physical evidence did scientists base their theory of the origin of the moon? The Moon’s Movements: 1. Draw a diagram of a solar eclipse. 2. Draw a diagram of a lunar eclipse Exploring Space: What can astronomers learn by sending a space probe to a planet? Stars: Our sun is a main sequence star. Describe its cycle. The Sun: Use the following words to complete the sentences. core sunspots photosphere solar flares 1. The ____________________ is often called the surface of the sun. 2. Fusion takes place in the sun’s ____________________ 3. ____________________ can affect radio communications on Earth. 4. Because they are cooler than surrounding regions, ____________________ appear dark. Galaxies and the Universe: 1. Compare and contrast the three different types of galaxies 2. What evidence supports the big bang theory?