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Transcript
CHM 130 Final Exam Review
Chapter 1

Scientific method

Theory versus law
Chapter 2

Significant digits

Rounding

Calculations with measurements

Scientific notation

Conversions

Percents
Chapter 3

Metric system

Metric to metric conversions

Metric to English conversions

Determining volume

Density

Temperature conversions

Heat
Chapter 4

States of matter

Elements, compounds, mixtures

Element symbols

Metals, nonmetals, semimetals

Diatomic molecules

Chemical formulas

Chemical vs physical properties

Chemical vs physical changes

Conservation of mass and energy
Chapter 5

Models of the atom

Atomic notation

Isotopes

Radiant energy spectrum

Wavelength, frequency, energy

Levels, sublevels, orbitals

Electron configuration
Chapter 6

Group names

Atomic size trend

Metallic character trend

Valence electrons

Ionization energy trend

Ion charges

Isoelectronic

Electron configuration of ions
Chapter 12








Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
Ionic radii
Electron dot formulas
Shapes of molecules (table given)
Polar vs nonpolar covalent bonds
Metallic bonds
Polar vs nonpolar molecules
Chapter 7

Ion charges (oxidation states)

Writing ionic formulas



Naming ionic compounds
Naming covalent compounds
Names of common acids
Chapter 8

Writing chemical reactions from words

Balancing chemical reactions

Classifying chemical reactions
o Combination
o Decomposition
o Combustion
o Single replacement
o Double replacement
o Acid base neutralization

Activity series

Solubility rules

Electrolytes

Oxidation and reduction, the agents

Writing products
Chapter 16

Increasing the rate of a reaction

Energy profiles
Chapter 9

The mole and Avogadro’s number

Molar mass

Converting between grams and moles and
atoms/molecules

Molar volume

Converting between liters and moles at STP
Chapter 10




Mole mole ratios
Mass mass stoichiometry
Mass volume stoichiometry
Volume volume stoichiometry
Chapter 11 and 13

Properties of solids, liquids, gases

Pressure conversions

Combined gas law

STP

All 3 IMF

Differences between bonds and IMF

VP, surface tension, bp, viscosity

The 3 types of solids

Heat curves

Water facts
Chapter 14

Solution, solute, solvent

Gases in solution

Solids in solution

Mass percents

Molarity

Like dissolves like
Chapter 15





pH, buffers, neutralization reactions
Arrhenius acids and bases
Strong vs weak acids and bases
Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
Electrolytes