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Transcript
Name: _____________________________
Date: _____
Chapter 5: An Age of Empires: Rome and Han China (753 B.C.E. – 600 C.E.)
Section 1: Rome’s Mediterranean Empire (753 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.); pp. 135-151.
I. Identify:
Apennines:
Tiber River:
Senate / “Council of Elders:”
Res publica / republic:
Roman Republic:
Roman Senate:
Patricians:
Plebeians:
Conflict of the Orders:
Tribunes:
Paterfamilias:
Patron/client relationship:
Julius Caesar:
Latifundia:
Marius:
Triumvirate:
Octavian / Augustus:
Roman Principate:
Equites:
Law of the Twelve Tables:
Praetors:
Atrium:
Municipal aristocracy:
Tenant farmers:
Pax Romana:
Romanization:
Messiah:
Jesus:
Pontius Pilate:
Paul:
Gentiles:
Christians:
Aqueducts:
Third-Century Crisis:
Diocletian:
Constantine:
Byzantium:
Constantinople:
Byzantine Empire:
Pagan:
Justinian:
Pope:
II. Answer the questions IN ESSAY FORMAT:
1) Explain the reasons for the expansion of the Roman Empire.
2) Discuss the career of Paul of Tarsus. Did his activities benefit from the pax romana? Does this
benefit support the theory that Rome was a “commonwealth of people?”
3) Explain the expansion of Christianity at the same time that Rome was in decline. Are these factors
related?
4) Describe the problems that led to the Roman Empire’s “third-century crisis.”