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1200BCE - Latins, historicalfoundersof Rome, settleon the PalatineRiver.
800 BCE - Romulusand Remus.mvthic foundersof Rome-are born.
800 BCE - Etruscanssettle north of the Latin villaee on the Palatine.
600 BCE - Etruscansdominate all of north"* ftrfjund influenced Latin culture.
509 BCE - Roman farmer-soldiersoverthrow the Etruscansand establisha Republic.
275BCE - Rome has gained control of the whole Italian peninsula.
?&BCE-
Romanscome into contactwith the Carthaginiansof North Africa, Sparn,and Sicily.
Tension betweenthem leadsto the Punic Wars, which last about 120 vears. Romans are
victorious.
145BCE - Romansdemandallegiancefrom Greek city of Corinth and attack it. Romansnow are
the ruling power of the Mediterraneanregion.
79 BCE - Roman GeneralsPompeii and Julius Caesarhave different ideas about how Rome should
be ruled (aristocratic senatorsvs. one strong leader).
46 BCE - After raising an army and conqueringPompey,Julius Caesarbecomesdictator of Rome.
44BCE- the senatorswho are suspiciousof his ambition kill Caesar.
31 BCE - Civil war breaksout betweenOctavian(Caesar'sadoptedson) and Marc Antony.
Octavian wins. Antony and Egyptian Queen Cleopatracommit suicide and Octavian
becomesabsoluteruler of Rome, adding Egypt as a territory.
Octavian is renamedCaesarAugustus and expandsthe Empire to natural defensible
boundaries.The following period is called "Pax Romana," a time of peaceand unity for
the empire.
96 -186 CE - Period of the Five Good Emperorsincluded:
An expansionof the empire to its greatestsize
Social reforms
Public works
186-236 CE - Provincesrevolt, civil war breaksout and there are 26 different emperorsin 5Oyears,
(25 removedby assassination)
2V CE - EmperorDiocletian declareshimself a gcd, establishingthe idea that the emperor'sright
to rule comesfrom the gods, not the people. He also split the empire in two to make it
easierto control.
3I2 CE - Emperor Constantinemoved the capital from Rome to a Greek city, later renamed
Constantinople.
313 CE - EmperorConstantineestablishesreligiousfreedom,and later convertsto Christianity