Middle and long-latency evoked potentials
• Adversely affected by sedation and anesthesia
• Can vary considerably depending on subject
• Are not fully developed until about 10 years of
• Require the patient to be awake and attentive,
even if not actively involved in the task.
... • Cerebral cortex forms the outer layer of the
• It appears wrinkled as it is folded
• Folding allows more outer cortex to be fitted
into a smaller space
• A groove is called a sulcus
• Between grooves is a gyrus
SUMMARY OF THE MAJOR BRAIN STRUCTURES
... brain; outgoing motor messages cross over to the opposite side of the
Controls vital autonomic functions, such as breathing, heart rate, and
Relays information from higher brain regions to the cerebellum.
Involved in the control of balance, muscle tone, coordinated muscle
... dorsal pre-motor cortex (also for production)
• However, one general observation is that music
processes tend to engage more right-hemisphere
structures than left
– Note this is generally the opposite of language processes,
which tend to be strongly left-lateralized
THE BRAIN The brain can be divided into three main regions
... 3. Cerebellum: critical to the coordination of movement and to the
sense of equilibrium. One of the structures first depressed by
1. The midbrain contains an area that is concerned with
integrating sensory processes, such as vision and hearing. An
important system of dopamine-relea ...
... • Experience and Learning result in a
direct event in the nervous system
• Every brain is wired differently
vocab - sociallyconsciousbird.com
... the visual areas, which receive visual information from the opposite visual field
temporal lobes – the portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes
the auditory areas, each of which receives auditory information primarily from the
motor cortex – an area at the r ...
CS 160 * Comparative Cognition * Spring 02
... - Cerebellum = “Little brain”, contains >½ brain’s neurons
- Motor Programs, esp for rapid, co-ord’d movements that require precise timing and/or aiming
- i.e. “Procedural Memory” for well-practiced moves, simple to complex athletic/manual acts
- Receives from sensory (visual, acoustic, vestibular f ...
Unit 01 Biology and the Brain_Part 2
... • Involved in how
• More involved
The emotion of anger has
not changed much
Auditory information processing at the cortical level
... relearned) when the auditory cortex has been
Which ones can be carried out only when the
cortex is intact?
These questions have been investigated in
laboratory animals, particularly cats. The
approach has been to bilaterally ablate the
auditory cortex and then test the animals ability
to pe ...
Summary of the Major Brain Structures
... A region at the based of the brain that contains several
structures that regulate basic life structures.
Controls vital autonomic life functions such as breathing,
circulation, digestion and heart rate. The medulla also
controls a number of vital reflexes, such as swallowing,
coughing, vomiting and ...
Medial Temporal Lobe Switches Memory Encoding in Neocortex
... Damage to the medial temporal lobe impairs the encoding of new memories and the retrieval of
memories acquired immediately before the damage in human. In this study, we demonstrated that
artificial visuo-auditory memory traces can be established in the rat auditory cortex and that their
encoding dep ...
auditory association cortex
... the auditory system.
2. discuss the three primary causes of deafness.
3. explain how cochlear implants restore auditory ability.
Nervous system slides
... ¾ Some aspects of brain research that are
interesting include: arousal & sleep;
lateralization, language, & speech;
emotions; memory & learning; and
¾ An electroencephalogram records the
different patterns in the electrical activity
of the brain produced during sleep and
Describe the parts of the brain activated in the following situation
... Involved in the formation of memories of what to
paint, and how to set perspective, as well as memories
of mixing colors and painting techniques
The cerebral cortex will oversee will oversee all aspects of the artist’s behavior. Sensory projection
areas in the occipital, temporal, parietal lobes wil ...
Myers` Psychology for AP
... 2. Describe the components of the brainstem, and summarize the functions of the brainstem, thalamus, and
limbic system –
The Cerebral Cortex
3. Describe the structure of the cerebral cortex, and exp ...
The Brain Summary Notes
... version of the forebrain with its two hemispheres. One area is involved in maintaining
a sense of balance, another is involved in coordinating muscular movements while
another part is involved in learning simple motor tasks.
Medial Longitudinal Fissure
... Connect the Medulla to the Midbrain
and Thalamus. Contains numerous
tracts including the Cortico-spinal
tracts and Reticular Formation
Chapter 2 - The Brain (Part II)
... auditory areas, each receiving
information primarily from the
An area at the rear of the frontal lobes
that controls voluntary movements.
Area at the front of the parietal lobes
that registers and processes body touch
and movement sensations.
Areas of the cerebral cortex that are
not in ...
Cognitive neuroscience of music
The cognitive neuroscience of music is the scientific study of brain-based mechanisms involved in the cognitive processes underlying music. These behaviours include music listening, performing, composing, reading, writing, and ancillary activities. It also is increasingly concerned with the brain basis for musical aesthetics and musical emotion. Scientists working in this field may have training in cognitive neuroscience, neurology, neuroanatomy, psychology, music theory, computer science, and other relevant fields.The cognitive neuroscience of music represents a significant branch of music psychology, and is distinguished from related fields such as cognitive musicology in its reliance on direct observations of the brain and use of such techniques as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), and positron emission tomography (PET).