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Name: ______________________________
Period: _____
Chapter 35 Human Systems Organization
Directions: (1) Talk-to-Text (2) Find Keywords (3) Summarize & Paraphrase in the margin
Organization of the body
The levels of organization in a multicellular organism include cells, tissues, organs, and
organ systems. A cell is the basic unit of structure and function in living things. Individual cells
in multicellular organisms tend to be specialized. Specialized cells are uniquely suited to perform
a particular function.
A group of cells that perform a
single function is called a tissue. There are
four basic types of tissue in the human
body—epithelial, connective, nervous, and
muscle. The image on right shows examples
of these tissues. Epithelial tissue includes
glands and tissues that cover interior and
exterior body surfaces. Connective tissue
provides support for the body and connects
its parts. Nervous tissue transmits nerve
impulses throughout the body. And muscle
tissue (skeletal, cardiac, and smooth), along
with bones, enables the body to move.
A group of different types of tissues that work together to perform a single function is
called an organ. The eye is an organ made up of epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, muscle tissue,
and connective tissue. As different as these tissues are, they all work together for a single
An organ system is a group of organs that perform closely related functions. For example,
the nervous system includes the brain, the spinal cord, a network of nerves, and sense organs.
12 Body Systems
Match these organs with the correct structures & functions:
Digestive System,
Nervous System,
Muscular System,
Circulatory System,
Reproductive System, Immune/Lymphatic System,
Respiratory System, Skeletal
Excretory System,
Endocrine System,
Integumentary System