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ROCKS AND MINERALS STUDY GUIDE
Name_________________________
Use your books pages 576-588
1.) Define the three types of rock and give an example of each.
DEFINITION
CHARACTERISTICS
EXAMPLES
IGNEOUS
METAMORPHIC
SEDIMENTARY
2.) What are minerals?
3.) What are fossils?
4.) Fill in the blanks. (Use the Rock Cycle diagram) As ________________ cools, it forms ____________
_____________. If that is then heated or put under pressure, it can become ____________________
____________, but if it undergoes weathering, it can form into a ________________ such as sand. That
sand can be cemented to form _________________________ _______________. This rock can also be
put under heat and pressure to become ________________________ _____________. When this rock
melts, it turns into ______________________ again. By this process, old rocks can form new rocks, over
and over again. This is called the ___________ cycle.
5.) What does the principle of superposition say?
6.) There are two types of weathering. What are they and what do they mean?
7.) Define – erosion
What are some types of weather that can cause erosion?