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ROCKS AND MINERALS STUDY GUIDE Name_________________________ Use your books pages 576-588 1.) Define the three types of rock and give an example of each. DEFINITION CHARACTERISTICS EXAMPLES IGNEOUS METAMORPHIC SEDIMENTARY 2.) What are minerals? 3.) What are fossils? 4.) Fill in the blanks. (Use the Rock Cycle diagram) As ________________ cools, it forms ____________ _____________. If that is then heated or put under pressure, it can become ____________________ ____________, but if it undergoes weathering, it can form into a ________________ such as sand. That sand can be cemented to form _________________________ _______________. This rock can also be put under heat and pressure to become ________________________ _____________. When this rock melts, it turns into ______________________ again. By this process, old rocks can form new rocks, over and over again. This is called the ___________ cycle. 5.) What does the principle of superposition say? 6.) There are two types of weathering. What are they and what do they mean? 7.) Define – erosion What are some types of weather that can cause erosion?