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Ms. Sterling’s Biology/2013
Review Sheet for Examination # 2 The Cell
Your exam is on: November 7th
1. What are the 3 statements of the cell theory?
(in your own words)
2. Explain the function of each organelle:
a. Nucleus
b. Golgi
c. ER
d. Mitochondria
e. Ribosomes
3. What are the differences between animal/plant cells\
4. What are phospholipids?
5. Be able to draw and label a diagram of a phospholipid
6. What is the function of the cell membrane?
7. What is meant by the term bi-layer?
8. What is an Identifier/Marker protein?
9. Draw a diagram of a typical Marker protein and label it
10. Where are Marker proteins made and then modified?
11. What is a transport protein?
12. Explain the concept of a receptor protein
13. Draw a diagram showing how a messenger protein and
a receptor protein work
14. What is a hormone?
15. What is the endocrine system?
16. What are the 3 biological molecules that we studied:
Proteins-- Starches--- Lipids
a. What are they composed of?
b. What is an amino acid?
c. Draw an amino acid
d. What is dehydration synthesis?
e. What is a simple sugar and how does it differ from a
f. What does the term organic mean?
17. What is a tissue?
18. Be able to explain the organization of life from
organelles to organisms.
19. Be able to define: enzyme, substrate, active site,
product, and enzyme-substrate complex
20. Be able to predict the effect of: temperature, pH, and
substrate concentration upon enzyme rate
21. Be able to define diffusion and active transport
22. Remember that the cytoplasm of an animal cell = 96%
water and 4% other substances
23. Remember that the cytoplasm of a plant cell= 98%
water and 2% other substances
24. Be able to observe a diagram and predict which way the
solution will flow into or out of a cell
25. Understand and describe the processes of endocytosis
and exocytosis
26. Review the contractile vacuole of the paramecium