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Transcript
World History 234
Study Guide
Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C - 500 A.D.
Section 1 pp.155-159
The Roman Republic
Terms and Names
 republic
 consul
 Punic Wars

patrician

senate

plebeian

dictator

tribune

legion

Hannibal
Main Ideas

What limits were there on the power of the Roman consuls?

What was the significance of the twelve tables?

How was Hannibal’s attack on Rome daring and different?
Section 2 pp. 160-167
The Roman Empire
Terms and Names
 Civil war

Julius Caesar

Triumvirate

Augustus

Pax Romana
Main Ideas

What factors contributed to the fall of the Roman Republic?

What were the main reasons for the Romans success in controlling such a
large Empire?

What measures did the government take to distract and control the
masses of Rome?

Section 3 pp.168-172
The Rise of Christianity
Terms and Names
 Jesus

Constantine

Apostle

Bishop

Paul

Peter

Diaspora

pope
Main Ideas

What did Jesus emphasize in his early teachings?

Why did the early Christians face persecution from the Romans?

What is the importance of the Nicene Creed?
Section 4 pp. 173-177
The Decline of the Roman Empire
Terms and Names
 Inflation

Mercenary

Diocletian

Constantinople

Attila
Main Ideas
What were the main internal causes of the empire’s decline?
How did Diocletian succeed in preserving the empire?
Why did so many Germanic tribes begin invading the Roman Empire?
Section 5 pp.178-183
Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization
Terms and Names
 Greco-Roman Culture
 Tacitus

Pompeii

Virgil

aqueduct
Main Ideas

What is Greco-Roman culture?

In what way did Roman art differ from Greek art?

What influence did Latin have on the development of Western languages?