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World History Study Guide Fall Semester Final 2010-11
U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, essential protections and freedoms
U.S. Declaration of Independence
Checks and balances
Constitutional monarchy
Republic – representative government
Democracy – laws/government by the people
Greco-Roman philosopher views
Influence of Roman forms of government
Plato – reason/philosophers should make laws, not democracy
Aristotle – the state should improve the lives of its citizens
Alexander the Great and the Greek empire
Justinian’s Code
Aristocracy - government ruled by an elite, privileged upper class, or those considered
to be the most ableOligarchy - government in which all power is vested in a few
persons or a dominant class/clique
Judeo-Christian world views
Relationship between Judaism, Christianity and Islam
Scientific Revolution relationship to Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
Rousseau – man is free in the wild, but civilization imprisons him
Montesquieu – separation of powers/checks and balances
Locke – purpose of government is to protect the rights of its citizens
Magna Carta
Glorious Revolution
English Bill of Rights
Baroque v. Rococo
Habeus corpus
French Revolution
Bourgeoisie – upper middle class, leaders of the 3rd Estate/revolution
Sans Culottes
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Robespierre, Marat, D’Anton
Bastille Day
European enemies of France
Napoleon and Napoleonic Code
Congress of Vienna
Industrialization, contributing factors
Why Britain industrialized first (available capital, natural resources, labor force, etc.)
Cottage industry v. factories
Capitalism v. Centrally planned economy
Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations – free markets are the best means of creating national wealth
Laissez faire
Malthus, Mill, Bentham, Owen
Marxism/Communism – means of production controlled by the people/proletariat (workers)
Realism v. Romanticism
“New” Imperialism motives (economic, racial, missionary, geopolitical power)
Social Darwinism
Sphere of influence
Forms and Methods of Imperialism (colony, protectorate, direct control, indirect control)
Berlin Conference (1884)
Gandhi and Indian Independence
Nonviolent civil disobedience, ahimsa
Sepoy Rebellion
Zimmerman telegram
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Schlieffen Plan
First battle of the Marne