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AP U.S. History Chapter 9 Study Guide Mr. Oglesby Vocabulary Words Federalists George Washington Civic virtue Shays’s Rebellion The Virginia Plan Constitution Popular sovereignty Anti-Federalists John Marshall Northwest Ordinance The Great Compromise Separation of Powers Bill of Rights John Jay Alexander Hamilton Egalitarianism Articles of Confederation The New Jersey Plan Checks and Balances Ratification Patrick Henry 1. How did American’s begin to rethink their views regarding the separation between church and state? 2. How was America’s economy affected by the war? 3. How did a lack of a strong governmental structure further aggravate America’s economy after the war? 4. How was the future of slavery affected by the American Revolution? 5. Why did the Articles of Confederation fail to deal adequately with the problems facing the new nation? 6. What social tensions existed in America that created a demand for a stronger central government? 7. What political ideas, theories, and concepts did the United States Constitution borrow from state constitutions? 8. Who were the advocates and opponents of the U.S. Constitution? 9. What was the major source of contention during the ratification process of the U.S. Constitution? 10. Was the Constitution written as an extension of principles advocated before and during the Revolutionary War or was the Constitution written as an antirepublican instrument that favors elite in American society? 11. Which of the social changes brought about by the Revolution was the most significant? Why? 12. Was the United States in a crisis under the Articles of Confederation, or was the “crisis” exaggerated by the Federalists to justify their movement? 13. Why was the United States so uniformly held in contempt by European governments after the Revolution? 14. What would have happened to the Constitutional Convention if Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Thomas Paine, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Patrick Henry all attended? 15. Should the Founding Fathers’ general elitism and indifference to the rights of people, women, African Americans, and Indians be held against them? Why or why not? 16. What was really at stake in the debate between the Federalists and AntiFederalists?